<!--#if expr="$title" --> <!--#echo var="title" --> <!--#else --> HIV Drug Resistance Database <!--#endif -->
Stanford University HIV Drug Resistance Database - A curated public database designed to represent, store, and analyze the divergent forms of data underlying HIV drug resistance.

Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors

Subtype C
Gene RT
Mutation A98S
Rx >= 1 NNRTI
(+/- NRTI)
IncludeMixtures No
References 20
Patients 93
Isolates 104
 
Show mutation frequency as:
Exclude mutations:

Sequences matching input query are shown below. Original reference, patient identifier, isolate name, partial treatment histories and accession number are indicated. Complete treatment histories, when available, can be accessed by clicking the isolate name. Sequences may additionally be downloaded in the fasta format, or viewed as individual or composite alignments using the options above. If the user wishes to view individual alignments of isolates for which there are multiple clones, the user can choose to view either an alignment of consensus sequences derived from the clones or an alignment of each clone as well as a consensus sequence.

Author (yr) Patient Isolate Acc# NRTIs NNRTIsNRTIDRMs NNRTIDRMs OtherMutSubtype
Shafer (2003)A384_09730973bEF548178D4T, DDI, Unknown, ABCEFV, Unknown, NVP  T39K, K43E, A98S, K122E, E169EK, K173A, Q174QK, D177E, I178IL, T200A, Q207E, V245QC
Gulick (2004)RG133RG133w127 ABC, AZT, 3TCEFV  K11N, V35T, E36A, T39D, K49KR, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123G, I135T, A158S, K173A, Q174K, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272P, E291D, V292I, I293V, P294TC
Eshleman (2005)ESH5105ESH5105AY756857NoneNVP K103KN, G190GAV35T, E36EA, T39E, A98S, K102KN, K173A, Q174R, D177E, G196M, T200A, Q207D, R211K, V245Q, A272P, K277R, E291D, I293V, E297AC
 ESH7041ESH7041AY756865NoneNVP K103KNV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, E53D, A98S, K122E, A158S, K173A, D177E, G196K, T200A, Q207E, R211RK, V245Q, A272P, K275R, Q278H, T286A, V292I, I293V, E297K, V314VIC
Non-B Workgroup (2005)UK989UK989AY901327AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK101N, V106M, G190AV35T, T39E, S48T, A98S, K173M, T200Q, Q207E, R211KC
 IL280IL280bAY901763AZT, DDC, DDI, ABC, D4TNVPD67N, K70R, M184MIV, T215Y, K219KEV106M, Y188YCT39E, D86DN, A98S, K101KR, K122E, D123S, R125RG, S134SG, A158S, S162A, K173A, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, V245QC
 TK3016TK3016 AZT, 3TC, D4T, DDIEFVD67N, K70R, M184V, K219QK103N, V106ME6A, V35T, E36A, T39E, A98S, K122E, D123S, I135T, A158S, K173A, D177E, E203D, Q207E, R211K, D218E, V245Q, D250E, A272P, V276I, K277R, T286A, E291D, V292I, I293VC
 TK5010TK5010 AZT, 3TCNVPK70R, M184V, K219QK103N, K238TK30KI, V35T, E36A, T39E, E40D, K43R, T69N, A98S, K102R, K122E, D123S, I135T, A158S, K173AT, D177E, E194D, T200A, Q207N, F214L, L228R, V245Q, K249Q, A272P, T286TA, E291D, V292I, I293VC
Martinson (2007)CHB200MCHB200MEU152469NoneNVP  V35T, E36A, T39D, R72RK, A98S, K122E, D123N, S162A, K173T, Q174K, T200A, Q207E, R211K, A272P, T286A, E291D, V292I, I293V, K331NC
 CHB200BCHB200BEU152470NoneNVP  V35T, E36A, T39D, A98S, K122E, D123N, S162A, K173T, Q174K, T200A, Q207E, R211K, A272P, T286A, E291D, V292I, I293V, P294QC
 CHB83BCHB83BEU152471NoneNVP  V35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123N, I135V, I142V, K173T, Q174K, I178L, T200A, R211K, V245Q, S251SC, A272P, K281R, E291D, V292I, I293V, P294T, E297G, I326VC
 CHB83MCHB83MEU152472NoneNVP  V35T, T39E, S48T, V60VI, A98S, K122E, D123DN, I135V, I142IV, K173T, Q174K, I178IL, T200A, R211K, V245Q, A272P, K281R, E291D, V292I, I293V, P294PT, E297EK, I326IVC
Seoighe (2007)CHB106_C1EF381747NoneNVP  V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, V90I, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177G, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272S, K277R, T286A, V292I, I293VC
 CHB20006_C200EF381821NoneNVP K103KNV35T, E36A, T39D, G45GR, A98S, K122E, D123N, S162A, K173T, Q174K, T200A, Q207E, R211K, A272P, T286A, E291D, V292I, I293V, P294PQC
 PL26006_PL260V2EF382174NoneNVP K103KN, Y181YC, G190GAP4PS, V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, Y56Y*, A98S, K122E, D123E, K166KR, K173A, Q174R, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211RK, V245Q, S251N, A272P, K277R, L283I, V292I, I293VC
von Wyl (2007)26731401EF449881NRTINNRTIM184VK103NV35T, E36A, T39E, E40D, A98S, K122E, A158S, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207G, R211KC
Marconi (2008)ICH01ICH01EU307996D4T, DDI, AZT, 3TCEFVD67N, K70R, M184V, T215TI, K219EK103N, Y188LS48T, A98S, K102T, K122E, D123E, K173A, D177E, I178L, T200A, E204K, Q207E, R211RK, V245QC
Deshpande (2009)Pat23140artFJ530710D4T, 3TCNVP  V35T, E36A, T39K, K43E, K49R, A98S, K122E, D123S, A158S, K166R, K173A, D177E, T200A, E204K, Q207EC
 Pat097254RTFJ530844AZT, 3TCNVP  V35T, E36A, T39D, S48T, V60I, A98S, K102N, D121Y, K122E, I135V, S162A, K173V, D177E, T200E, E204K, Q207E, R211KC
Hoffmann (2009)pat060MD06596 AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, K238TV35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, D121H, K122E, I135T, K173T, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, L228LR, V245Q, A272PC
  MD40394 AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, K238TV35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, V111VA, D121HY, K122E, I135T, K173T, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, L228LR, V245Q, A272PC
 pat034MD08533 AZT, 3TCEFV V106MV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, K82R, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, Q197L, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272PC
  MD28647 AZT, 3TCEFV K101KE, K103N, V106MV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, K82R, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, Q197L, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272PC
  MD31849 AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103S, V106MV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, K82R, A98S, K122E, D123G, I135V, K173A, D177E, Q197L, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272PC
 pat024MD33879 AZT, 3TCEFV  V35T, T39K, S48T, E53D, A98S, K122E, D123S, K166R, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207D, R211Q, V245Q, D250E, A272PC
 pat070MD40765 AZT, 3TCEFV K103NV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207K, V245Q, Y271F, A272PC
  MD63317 AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, P225HV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207K, V245Q, Y271F, A272PC
 pat074MD57113 AZT, 3TCEFVL74LV, M184VK103NI31L, V35T, T39E, S48T, T69TN, A98S, K101Q, D121Y, K122E, D123E, K173I, Q174K, D177E, Q197L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245Q, D250E, A272PC
 pat056MD73022 AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, P225HV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, I135L, T165I, K173A, D177E, I178IL, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, A272PC
 pat068MD94347 AZT, 3TCEFVY115F, M184VV106MV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, E53EG, K82R, A98S, K122KE, K173A, Q174K, D177E, V179T, T200A, Q207N, R211K, Y232H, V245QC
Hosseinipour (2009)85668566GQ228311D4T, 3TCNVP  T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123N, I135T, E138A, I142IV, K173A, D177G, T200A, Q207D, R211K, V245QC
 87328732GQ228312D4T, 3TCNVPA62V, K65N, V75IT, K219RK103N, Y181CT39D, S68G, A98S, K122E, I132L, A158S, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245QC
 93409340GQ228323D4T, 3TCNVPL74LV, M184VY181CT39A, S48T, A98S, K122E, A158AT, K173A, Q174K, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245QC
 88218821GQ228379D4T, 3TCNVPD67N, M184V, T215YK103NT39E, A98S, V118VI, K122E, D123S, I135IT, E138Q, S162C, K173A, Q174K, N175NY, D177E, I178IM, G196M, T200A, Q207E, H208HY, R211RK, V245TC
 82618261GQ228385D4T, 3TCNVPA62V, K65R, K70R, V75I, F116Y, Q151M, K219EV106M, Y188CT39E, S48T, S68G, A98S, K122E, T139TA, A158S, K173A, Q174K, D177E, I178M, G196T, T200A, I202V, Q207K, H208HY, H221Y, E224D, P243PT, V245QC
Wallis (2009)23232392323239 D4T, 3TCEFVM184V, L210LWY181CL34I, V35T, E36A, T39E, A98S, K122V, D123N, I135MT, K173T, Q174K, D177E, Q197P, T200A, Q207E, R211K, A272P, K277R, T286A, E291D, V292I, I293VC
 TJC2419451TJC2419451 D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103NV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207D, R211K, K223R, V245Q, A272P, K277R, T286A, V292I, I293V, S322A, G333D, Q334NC
 GT00312394GT00312394 D4T, 3TCEFV  V35T, E36EA, T39E, E40ED, S48T, A98S, Y115X, D121H, K122E, K173T, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245K, E291D, V292I, I293VC
 23427082342708 D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, Y188LV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, E53ED, A98S, K102G, K122E, D123GS, I135*, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, V245Q, E248ED, A272S, K277R, T286A, V292I, I293V, P294PTC
 GT00183599GT00183599 D4T, 3TCEFV  V35T, E36EA, T39E, E40ED, S48T, A98S, D121H, K122E, K173T, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245K, E291D, V292I, I293V, S322AC
 23649712364971 AZT, 3TCEFVD67N, M184I, T215FK103NT27S, I31L, V35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, V90I, A98S, K122E, D123G, S162Y, K173A, Q174R, D177E, I178L, I195L, T200A, Q207K, R211K, V245Q, A272P, I293V, S322T, D324EC
 TJC2499250TJC2499250 AZT, 3TCEFVM41L, D67N, K70R, M184V, T215FY, K219EQY188LK20R, V35T, T39E, V90I, A98S, K102X, K103R, K104Q, K122E, D123G, S162Y, K173A, D177E, V179I, T200A, E203K, Q207E, F214FL, L228LH, V245Q, D250DE, A272P, K277R, L283I, T286A, A288T, V292I, I293V, S322A, D324EC
El-Khatib (2010)Pat01910ZA_SAVE1279HQ012297AZT, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, P225PHV35T, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123S, E138A, I142RS, T165L, K173T, Q174K, T200A, I202V, Q207A, R211K, V245Q, D250EC
 Pat08611ZA_SAVE1403JF960536NRTI, TDF, AZTNNRTI  V35M, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, D177E, T200R, Q207T, R211K, V245Q, A272P, K277RC
 Pat08911ZA_SAVE1425JF960539D4T, 3TCEFV  V35T, E36EA, T39E, S48T, V60VI, A98S, K122E, D123N, A158S, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245E, A272P, K277RC
Green (2011)707PKE27F707PKE27FHM623516AZT, 3TCEFVM41L, D67N, K70R, V75M, F77L, M184V, T215Y, K219EV106M, G190A, F227LV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, V60I, T69TN, A98S, L109I, K122E, D123S, I135T, S163T, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211K, D218E, L228H, P243T, V245Q, A272P, T286A, E291D, V292I, I329IVC
Ngo-Giang-Huong (2011)PHPT3789PHPT3789RTHQ996467D4T, 3TCNVPM184VK101E, G190AK32R, V35T, T39K, S48T, A98S, K122E, E138Q, K166R, K173A, Q174R, D177E, I178M, G196M, T200A, E203K, Q207DN, R211KQ, F214LC
Sigaloff (2011)GT00312394GT00312394_1JN381598D4T, 3TCEFV  V35T, T39E, S48T, A98S, D121H, K122E, K173T, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245K, E291D, V292I, I293VC
  GT00312394_2JN381599D4T, 3TCEFV  V35T, E36EA, T39E, E40ED, S48T, A98S, Y115X, D121H, K122E, K173T, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245K, E291D, V292I, I293VC
van Zyl (2011)A222A222JN638131D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK101KE, K103N, P225HE28EK, V35T, E36A, T39E, A98S, K122E, D123S, K173A, D177EG, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245QC
 A271A271JN638163D4T, 3TCNVP  M16T, E28K, K32E, V35I, T39K, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, S163T, K173V, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207A, R211K, V245Q, K259SC
Brehm (2012)16ZA16ZA.48JN601926D4T, 3TCEFV K103KNE6K, V35T, E36A, T39DE, S48T, V60VI, A98S, V118VCFG, K122E, D123E, K173A, D177DE, T200A, I202IV, Q207E, R211RK, V245Q, A272P, K277KR, T286TA, V292I, I293V, K311KR, Q334HN, G335D, R356K, M357MIT, G359T, K366KR, T377Q, K390R, A400T, E404D, V435AP, L452I, K454KR, V466I, D471E, H483Q, L491S, S519N, Q524QE, K530R, V531I, A534S, A554RC
  16ZA.84JN601927D4T, 3TCEFVM184V, N348NIK103NE6K, V35T, E36A, T39D, S48T, V60I, A98S, V118C, K122E, D123E, I135IT, T139TK, K173A, T200A, I202V, Q207E, R211K, V245Q, A272P, V292I, I293V, K311R, Q334H, G335D, R356K, M357T, G359T, K366R, T369TI, T377Q, K390R, A400T, E404D, V435P, L452I, V466I, T470N, D471E, H483Q, L491S, S519N, Q524E, K530R, V531I, A534S, A554RC
Van Zyl (2013)13611427KC423140AZT, D4T, 3TC, ABCNVP, EFV  V35T, T39E, S48T, A98SC
 82619KC424181AZT, D4T, 3TC, DDINVP, EFVM184VK103N, P225HV35T, T39E, E53D, K64R, A98S, K122E, D123E, I135T, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245QC
 82758KC423818AZT, D4T, 3TC, TDFNVP, EFVD67N, K70E, M184VK101E, K103N, V108I, G190AK22R, V35T, T39E, V60I, T69N, A98S, D121H, K122E, D123S, P133L, S134V, I135K, S163T, T165TI, K173T, Q174K, D177E, I178MC
 4701286KC423029D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, K238TV35T, E36V, T39E, S48T, K82R, A98S, K122E, D123G, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, V245QC
 4221438KC423145AZT, 3TCNVP K103NT27S, V35T, E36A, T39D, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123GC
 314166KC423306D4T, 3TCEFVV75I, M184VK103NE6K, V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K101Q, K122E, I132L, E138G, K173A, D177E, I178L, T200I, Q207E, R211K, V245QC
 7191250KC422999AZT, D4T, 3TC, DDINVP, EFV  V35M, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, D121Y, K122E, E138A, I142V, E169Q, K173T, Q174E, V179I, T200A, I202V, Q207E, V245CC
 342492KC423729AZT, D4T, 3TC, TDFNVP, EFVA62AV, K65R, M184VK101E, V106M, V108VI, F227LK22R, E28K, V35T, E36A, T39E, E40D, S68N, W88C, A98S, L109LI, K122E, D123N, K173A, D177G, T200A, Q207EK, R211K, F214FL, D218E, V245EC
 593826KC424299AZT, D4T, 3TCNVP, EFVM184VK101E, V106M, G190AP14A, V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, D123E, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200I, Q207E, R211K, E224EG, V245QC
  3090KC423963AZT, D4T, 3TC, ABCNVP, EFVM184VK101E, G190AP14A, V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, D123E, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200L, Q207E, F214L, V245QC
 14221329KC423063AZT, D4T, 3TCNVP, EFV  T27S, E28K, K32E, V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, I135T, K173A, D177G, T200A, Q207E, V245QC
 14021175KC422937D4T, 3TCEFV  P4H, K11KE, V35T, E36A, T39E, E42ED, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123G, E138A, I142T, K173A, Q174QK, D177EG, T200A, I202V, Q207E, R211G, F214FL, V245QC
 161314KC423980D4T, 3TCEFVM184MVK101E, K103NV35T, T39E, S48T, K82R, A98S, D121HY, K122E, I135K, S162A, K166KR, K173T, Q174QR, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207K, R211EG, V245QC
 2791001KC422795AZT, D4T, 3TCNVP, EFVM41L, D67DN, M184VK103N, V106MV35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123N, I135V, K173A, V179VI, Q197K, T200E, Q207K, R211Q, F214FL, V245QC
  1531KC423208AZT, D4T, 3TC, DDINVP, EFVM41L, M184VK103N, V106MV35T, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123N, I135V, K173A, Q197K, T200E, Q207K, R211Q, F214L, E224EG, V245QC
 585926KC424368D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, G190AV35KT, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K102KN, K122E, D123E, I135IT, K166R, K173A, Q174R, D177E, T200A, E203EK, Q207E, R211K, V245Q, P247C, E248KC
 13781086KC422870ABC, 3TCEFVK65R, L74LV, V75I, Y115F, K219NY181C, G190TV35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, S68SG, A98S, K122E, D123N, K173T, Q174R, T200A, Q207E, R211K, F214L, V245QC
 12843030KC423935D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103N, P225HK20R, V35T, T39E, K49R, A98S, K101Q, K122E, D123G, I135K, K173A, Q174K, D177E, I178L, G196E, T200A, E204Q, Q207D, R211K, V245QC
 3321105KC422881D4T, 3TCEFVM184VK103NV35K, T39E, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122E, D123S, I135IT, K173A, D177E, T200A, Q207R, R211K, V245QC
 302688KC424228ABC, 3TCEFV  V35T, T39A, S48T, A98S, K122E, D123EG, K173A, D177E, Q207K, R211T, V245QC
 7366KC424209AZT, D4T, 3TCNVP, EFV  V35T, E36A, T39E, S48T, A98S, K104R, K122E, D123N, E138A, K173T, T200A, Q207K, R211A, W212R, V245QC
 59683KC424302D4T, 3TCEFVD67DN, M184IV, T215TSK103N, Y188HK20KR, V35T, T39E, V60I, A98S, K173A, Q174R, D177E, I178L, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245Q, A272P, K277R, Q278E, T286A, E291D, V292I, Q334N, G335DC
 10621484KC423175AZT, D4T, 3TC, DDINVP, EFVM184VK103NE28A, V35T, T39A, S48T, V60I, A98S, K122KE, K173A, Q174K, D177E, T200A, Q207E, R211K, V245Q, D250EC
 10281408KC423130AZT, 3TCEFVM184VV179D, M230LE6D, K20R, V35T, T39E, A98S, K103R, K122E, D123N, K173T, T200A, Q207E, R211K, F214L, V245EC
 9571986KC423543TDF, 3TCEFVM184IK103N, P225HV8I, K20R, V35T, E36A, T39E, K82R, A98S, K122E, D123S, I135L, E138A, I142T, K173A, V179I, T200A, Q207E, Y232H, V245QC
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 10451231KC422981D4T, 3TCEFV Y181CP4S, V35T, T39E, S48T, T69N, A98S, K122E, D123G, E169R, K173A, Q174N, D177E, T200A, I202V, Q207G, R211K, V245QC
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  1892KC423491AZT, D4T, 3TC, ABCNVP, EFV K103KN, Y188YFHLV35T, E36A, T39E, A98S, K122E, D123N, I135IM, K173T, Q174K, D177N, T200AE, Q207E, R211KC
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  97KF135175RTI, D4T, DDI, 3TC, TDFRTI, EFVM41L, D67N, M184V, L210W, T215YK101E, V106M, G190AT39E, E44D, V60I, W88C, A98S, V118I, K122E, D123N, I135T, K173Q, Q174K, D177E, T200A, E203K, Q207E, K223E, V245QC
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