Stanford University HIV Drug Resistance Database - A curated public database designed to represent, store, and analyze the divergent forms of data underlying HIV drug resistance.

A curated public database designed to represent, store, and analyze the divergent forms of data underlying HIV drug resistance.

HIV Home HBVseq HBV RT Mutations Blast Hits DB Release Notes

HBV RT: BLAST Hits

BLAST search against GenBank file v. V 182.0 released on 2011-02-15
(search results include 26309 sequences from 821 references)

A detailed description of this page as well as all other pages (and programs) on the HBV site can be found in the Release Notes. In the table below, click a link in '# in HBVDB' column to download sequences, browse genbank notes and mutation list. Click a link in 'Authors' column to access a pubmed entry. Click a link in '# in GB' column to access genbank entries.


  References sorted by Author and Year of Publication


AuthorsTitleCitationE-value# in HBVDB# in Gb% in HBVDBAnnotation
Abbas (2005) Cloning of Pakistanian HBV pre-S gene Unpublished 0.001   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Abdou Chekaraou (2010) A new Hepatitis B virus subgenotype D (D8) strain, resulting from recombination between genotypes D and E, is circulating in Niger along with HBV/E strains Unpublished 1e-179 24 24 100 HBVDB
Abe (2003) HBV genotype E full genome isolated from Ghana Published Only in Database (2003) 1e-172 1 1 100 HBVDB
Abe (2003) Hepatitis B virus, genotype D, isolated in Russia Published Only in Database (2003) 1e-171   1 0 Unpublished
Abe (2003) Hepatitis B virus, genotype A, isolated in Russia Published Only in Database (2003) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Abe (2005) Complete nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus isolated from two infants with fulminant hepatitis Jpn. J. Infect. Dis. 56 (1), 38-39 (2003) 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Abe (2010) Hepatitis B virus isolated in Taiwan aborigines, large S gene Unpublished 1e-180   14 0 Unpublished
Abu-Shady (2009) Detection of a previously unreported genotype for HBV (genotype E) among vaccinated Egyptian children Unpublished 3e-84   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Achwan (2008) Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C, and E viruses and human immunodeficiency virus infections in Tahuna, Sangihe-Talaud Archipelago, Indonesia Intervirology 50 (6), 408-411 (2007) 2e-69 8 8 100 HBVDB
Aghasadeghi (2009) Comparative study on mutations associated with Lamivudine resistance in HBV and HBV/HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 1e-50   28 0 Gene fragment(s)
Aghasadeghi (2010) Comparative study on mutations associated with Lamivudine resistance in HBV and HBV/HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 9e-50   4 0 Unpublished
Ahn (2009) Molecular and clinical characteristics of Hepatitis B virus in Korea Unpublished 1e-180 53 53 100 HBVDB
Aiba (2008) Complete nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic analyses of hepatitis B virus isolated from two pileated gibbons Virus Genes 27 (3), 219-226 (2003) 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Alestig (2001) Phylogenetic analysis of Hepatitis B virus strains with precore C-1858 variant Unpublished 1e-174   4 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Alestig (2001) Phylogenetic origin of hepatitis B virus strains with precore C-1858 variant J. Clin. Microbiol. 39 (9), 3200-3203 (2001) 1e-178   9 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Alestig (2002) Hepatitis B virus genotypes in Mongols and Australian Aborigines Arch. Virol. 146 (12), 2321-2329 (2001) 1e-68   12 0 Gene fragment(s)
Alexopoulou (1996) Whole genome analysis of hepatitis B virus from four cases of fulminant hepatitis: genetic variability and its potential role in disease pathogenicity J. Viral Hepat. 3 (4), 173-181 (1996) 0 4 4 100 HBVDB
Alexopoulou (2004) Hepatitis B surface antigen variant with multiple mutations in the a determinant in an agammaglobulinemic patient J. Clin. Microbiol. 42 (6), 2861-2865 (2004) 1e-176 1 1 100 HBVDB
Alexopoulou (2006) Detection of a hepatitis B surface antigen variant emerging in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with fludarabine J. Med. Virol. 78 (8), 1043-1046 (2006) 1e-104   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Alfaresi M (2010) Hepatitis B virus genotypes and precore and core mutants in UAE patients. Virol J. 2010 Jul 5e-51   88 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Ali MM (2006) Comparative evaluation of INNO-LiPA HBV assay, direct DNA sequencing and subtractive PCR-RFLP for genotyping of clinical HBV isolates. Virol J. 2010 May 1e-69   20 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Ali (1998) Isolation, subtype determination, cloning and expression of HBsAg gene from Iranian carrier in Saccharomyces cervisiae Iran. Biomed. J. 1, 19-26 (1997) 1e-106   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ali (2007) HBV genotypes among chronically infected patients in Kuwait Unpublished 2e-69   15 0 Unpublished
Alvarado Mora (2010) Molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus genotype E in an isolated Afro-Colombian community J. Gen. Virol. 91 (PT 2), 501-508 (2010) 3e-87   9 0 Gene fragment(s)
Alvarado (2008) Important Presence of Co-infection of Hepatitis B Genotype F and Hepatitis D (delta) Genotype 3 in the Colombian Amazonian Region Unpublished 1e-101   2 0 Unpublished
Alvarado-Esquivel (2007) Molecular analysis of hepatitis B virus isolates in Mexico: predominant circulation of hepatitis B virus genotype H World J. Gastroenterol. 12 (40), 6540-6545 (2006) 3e-54   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Amini-Bavil-Olyaee (2004) Genotype characterization and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis B virus isolates from Iranian patients J. Med. Virol. 75 (2), 227-234 (2005) 6e-52   20 0 Gene fragment(s)
Amini-Bavil-Olyaee (2005) Complete genomic sequence and phylogenetic relatedness of hepatitis B virus isolates from Iran J. Med. Virol. 76 (3), 318-326 (2005) 1e-178 5 5 100 HBVDB
Amini-Bavil-Olyaee (2005) Hepatitis B Virus Genotyping, Core Promoter and PreCore/Core Mutations among Aghan Hepatitis B Infected Individuals: A Preliminary Report Unpublished 9e-45   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Amini-Bavil-Olyaee (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotyping, core promoter, and precore/core mutations among Afghan patients infected with hepatitis B: a preliminary report J. Med. Virol. 78 (3), 358-364 (2006) 4e-45   10 0 Gene fragment(s)
Amini-Bavil-Olyaee (2008) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype and YMDD motif mutation profile among patients infected with HBV and untreated with lamivudine Int. J. Infect. Dis. 12 (1), 83-87 (2008) 5e-77   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Anand (2007) HBV outbreak in India Unpublished 6e-31   25 0 Gene fragment(s)
Andernach (2009) Slave trade and hepatitis B virus genotypes and subgenotypes in Haiti and Africa Emerging Infect. Dis. 15 (8), 1222-1228 (2009) 0 110 112 98 HBVDB
Andersson (2008) 72A05: Hepatitis B surface gene, Bristol strain Unpublished 1e-125   1 0 Unpublished
Anwar (2010) Vaccine development against human Hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-105   1 0 Unpublished
Aoki (2000) Sequence analysis of hepatitis B virus Unpublished 3e-26   16 0 Gene fragment(s)
Aono (2007) Amino acid substitutions in S region of hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-116   48 0 Gene fragment(s)
Arankalle (2003) Hepatitis B virus: Predominance of Genotype D in hyper-endemic primitive tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India (1989-1999) Unpublished 4e-52   69 0 Gene fragment(s)
Arankalle (2009) First detection of Hepatitis B Virus genotype G in India Unpublished 1e-110   21 0 Gene fragment(s)
Arankalle (2010) A community based epidemic of hepatitis B with high mortality in Gujarat state, India Unpublished 1e-179 39 39 100 HBVDB
Arankalle (2010) A community based epidemic of hepatitis B with high mortality in Gujarat state, India Unpublished 1e-112 76 76 100 HBVDB
Arankalle (2010) First detection of a novel recombinant genotype of Hepatitis B virus in north-eastern primitive tribe from India Unpublished 0   3 0 Unpublished
Araujo (2005) Expression of hepatitis B virus surface antigens (HBsAg) in mammalian cells: characterization of a genotype F variant deficient in HBsAg secretion Unpublished 1e-123   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Araujo (2006) High proportion of subgroup A' (genotype A) among Brazilian isolates of Hepatitis B virus Arch. Virol. 149 (7), 1383-1395 (2004) 1e-124   15 0 Gene fragment(s)
Arauz-Ruiz (1997) Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in Central America reflected in the genetic variability of the small S gene J. Infect. Dis. 176 (4), 851-858 (1997) 1e-116   30 0 Gene fragment(s)
Arauz-Ruiz (2002) Genotype H: a new Amerindian genotype of hepatitis B virus revealed in Central America J. Gen. Virol. 83 (PT 8), 2059-2073 (2002) 1e-178 10 10 100 HBVDB
Arya (2005) Direct Submission Submitted (16-AUG-2005) Biotechnology, NICD, 22-Sh 7e-76   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Asahina (1997) Complete nucleotide sequences of hepatitis B virus genomes associated with epidemic fulminant hepatitis J. Med. Virol. 48 (2), 171-178 (1996) 1e-179 2 2 100 HBVDB
Asahina (1997) Sequential changes in full-length genomes of hepatitis B virus accompanying acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B J. Hepatol. 25 (6), 787-794 (1996) 1e-175 4 4 100 HBVDB
Asim (2008) Molecular analysis of HCC related HBV cases Unpublished 2e-65   13 0 Gene fragment(s)
Atta (2009) Identification of HBV genotype with 40 amino acid deletion in polymerase and pre-S genes from mixed infected patients in Sulaimania Province, Iraq Unpublished 8e-80   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Avazova (2008) Hepatitis B virus transmission pattern and vaccination efficiency in Uzbekistan J. Med. Virol. 80 (2), 217-224 (2008) 0 9 9 100 HBVDB
Avellon (2005) Frequency of hepatitis B virus 'a' determinant variants in unselected Spanish chronic carriers J. Med. Virol. 78 (1), 24-36 (2006) 5e-51   5 0 Gene fragment(s)
Awan (2009) Genetic Characterization of Hepatitis B Virus (Pakistani Isolates) Unpublished 1e-114   10 0 Gene fragment(s)
Awan (2009) YMDD Mutation and Its Clinical Implications Unpublished 1e-16   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Azizi (2004) Characterization of Hepatitis B virus heterogeneity by using surface antigen gene (S) among Iranian isolates Unpublished 1e-51   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bai (2001) Direct Submission Submitted (04-JUL-2001) Institute of Virology, Chi 1e-106   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Baig (2007) HBV variability in s gene Unpublished 4e-80   15 0 Gene fragment(s)
Banerjee (2009) Phylogenetic relatedness and genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus isolates in Eastern India J. Med. Virol. 78 (9), 1164-1174 (2006) 0 11 11 100 HBVDB
Banerjee (1993) Identification and characterization of mutations in 'X' region of a hepatitis B virus carrier Indian J. Biochem. Biophys. 29 (6), 494-497 (1992) 3e-14   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bartholomeusz (2000) Functional analysis of Hepatitis B virus DNA isolated from the liver and serum of a patient before and after liver transplantation during the emergence of a HBIG escape mutant Unpublished 8e-59   64 0 Unpublished
Beale (2009) Genetic backbone modulates phenotype of Hepatitis B surface antigen mutants Unpublished 1e-116   59 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bekondi (2008) Central African Republic is part of the West-African genotype E crescent Unpublished 0 74 74 100 HBVDB
Bertolini (2009) Hepatitis B virus genotypes in candidate blood donors of Parana State, Southern Brazil Unpublished 5e-56   228 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bertolini (2011) Identification of mutations that give resistance to vaccine and to gammaglobulin in hepatitis B in southern Brazil Unpublished 5e-48   1 0 Unpublished
Bian (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (19-DEC-2007) Viral Hepatitis, Chinese I 1e-180   1 0 Unpublished
Bian (2005) Identification of HBV preS2/S gene of the diverse-race patients with chronic hepatitis B from ethnic minority areas in Yunnan province, China Unpublished 1e-112   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bichko (1999) Subtype ayw variant of hepatitis B virus. DNA primary structure analysis FEBS Lett. 185 (1), 208-212 (1985) 1e-178 1 1 100 HBVDB
Bjornsdottir (2006) Changing prevalence of hepatitis B virus genotypes in Iceland J. Med. Virol. 77 (4), 481-485 (2005) 2e-43   136 0 Gene fragment(s)
Borchani-Chabchoub (2001) Genotyping of Tunisian hepatitis B virus isolates based on the sequencing of preS2 and S regions Microbes Infect. 2 (6), 607-612 (2000) 1e-116   5 0 Gene fragment(s)
Borkakoty (2007) Circulating genotypes of hepatitis B virus in Arunachal Pradesh Unpublished 9e-45   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Borroto-Esoda (2009) Genotypic evaluation of HBV monoinfected subjects Unpublished 0 838 838 100 HBVDB
Bottecchia (2008) Lamivudine resistance and other mutations in the polymerase and surface antigen genes of hepatitis B virus associated with a fatal hepatic failure case J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 23 (1), 67-72 (2008) 1e-114   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bottecchia (2008) Hepatitis B virus genotypes and resistance mutations in patients under long term lamivudine therapy: characterization of genotype G in Brazil BMC Microbiol. 8, 11 (2008) 0 3 30 10 HBVDB
Bottecchia (2008) Hepatitis B virus genotype distribution and frequency of lamivudine resistance mutations in patients submitted to lamivudine therapy: Characterization of full length genotype G in Brazil Unpublished 5e-72   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bowden (2002) Hepatitis B virus variability and human population history in the Pacific Unpublished 1e-108   108 0 Gene fragment(s)
Bower (2005) Direct Submission Submitted (14-JAN-2005) Division of Viral Hepatiti 0   1 0 Unpublished
Bowyer (1997) A unique segment of the hepatitis B virus group A genotype identified in isolates from South Africa J. Gen. Virol. 78 (Pt 7), 1719-1729 (1997) 0 3 27 11 HBVDB
Bozdayi (2005) Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis B virus isolated from Turkish patients with chronic HBV infection J. Med. Virol. 76 (4), 476-481 (2005) 1e-179 11 11 100 HBVDB
Bracho (2006) Hepatitis B virus outbreak Unpublished 0   13 0 Unpublished
Bracho (2006) Molecular epidemiology and evolution in an outbreak of fulminant hepatitis B virus J. Clin. Microbiol. 44 (4), 1288-1294 (2006) 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Buhlmann (2007) Molecular mechanism of p73-mediated regulation of Hepatitis B virus core promoter/enhancer II Unpublished 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Cajimat (1998) Genetic diversity of the Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) a-determinant among Filipino blood donors Unpublished 2e-23   27 0 Gene fragment(s)
Candotti (2007) Maternofetal transmission of hepatitis B virus genotype E in Ghana, west Africa J. Gen. Virol. 88 (PT 10), 2686-2695 (2007) 1e-114   57 0 Gene fragment(s)
Candotti (2007) Molecular and serological characterization of hepatitis B virus in deferred Ghanaian blood donors with and without elevated alanine aminotransferase J. Viral Hepat. 13 (11), 715-724 (2006) 1e-67   91 0 Gene fragment(s)
Cao (2007) Major risk factors and viral genotype distribution of acute hepatitis B in Shanghai, China: a case-control and molecular epidemiology study Unpublished 2e-71   18 0 Gene fragment(s)
Cao (2008) Distribution and characterization of major Hepatitis B virus genotypes and subgenotypes in mainland China Unpublished 1e-180   165 0 Unpublished
Cao (2010) Liver disease-related viral mutations of hepatitis B virus genotype B and C in China: a case-control study Unpublished 9e-16   115 0 Gene fragment(s)
Cariani (2007) Immune-mediated hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia caused by the emergence of a mutant hepatitis B virus undetectable by standard assays J. Hepatol. 46 (4), 743-747 (2007) 2e-22   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Carr (2010) Chronic hepatitis B virus infection in a successfully vaccinated immune-competent patient Unpublished 1e-175   1 0 Unpublished
Cassino (2010) Comparative analysis of hepatitis B virus genotype A molecular evolution in mono- and HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 1e-101   409 0 Unpublished
Cassino (2010) Comparative analysis of hepatitis B virus genotype A molecular evolution in mono- and HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 1e-101   40 0 Unpublished
Cassino (2010) Comparative analysis of hepatitis B virus genotype A molecular evolution in mono- and HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 2e-75   32 0 Unpublished
Cavinta (2009) A new isolate of hepatitis B virus from the Philippines possibly representing a new subgenotype C6 J. Med. Virol. 81 (6), 983-987 (2009) 0 5 7 71 HBVDB
Chakravarty (2005) Hepatitis B virus surface gene sequence from Eastern India Unpublished 4e-67   45 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2005) Natural variability of Hepatitis B virus S protein gene and occult HBV infection Unpublished 5e-49   13 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2005) Occult HBV infection in the community Unpublished 5e-54   27 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2006) Partial S gene sequence of Hepatitis B virus isolated from Jarawa tribe of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India Unpublished 1e-45   27 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2007) S gene variation of hepatitis B virus Unpublished 6e-51   190 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2007) Frequency and Significance of Hepatitis B Virus Surface Gene Variant Circulating among 'AntiHBc Only' individuals in Eastern India Unpublished 5e-54   20 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chakravarty (2007) Presence of hepatitis B surface antigen mutant G145R DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes of the family members of an asymptomatic carrier and evidence of its horizontal transmission Virus Res. 90 (1-2), 133-141 (2002) 4e-23   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Challine (2007) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Replication in Organ, Tissue and Cell Donors With and Without HBV Serological Markers Unpublished 1e-111   29 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chan (2005) Epidemiological and virological characteristics of 2 subgroups of hepatitis B virus genotype C J. Infect. Dis. 191 (12), 2022-2032 (2005) 1e-179 49 49 100 HBVDB
Chattopadhyay (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotypes in acute and fulminant hepatitis patients from north India using two different molecular genotyping approaches Hepatol. Res. 35 (2), 79-82 (2006) 4e-62   17 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chattopadhyay (2006) Hepatitis B virus S gene (120-604) in chronic HBV cases Unpublished 3e-60   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chattopadhyay (2006) HBV Genotypes in CLDB patients from New Delhi, India Unpublished 1e-66   15 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chaudhuri (2002) Cryptic Hepatitis B virus infection: Analysis of the complete genomic sequence of HBV from five patients with seronegative viral hepatitis Unpublished 0   19 0 Unpublished
Chaudhuri (2003) Occult Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in chronic liver disease: Complete genomic sequence and analysis of the mutant surface promoter Unpublished 0 5 5 100 HBVDB
Chauhan (2008) Identification and characterization of genotype A and D recombinant hepatitis B virus from Indian chronic HBV isolates World J. Gastroenterol. 14 (40), 6228-6236 (2008) 0 11 11 100 HBVDB
Chen JY (2008) Hepatitis B spliced protein (HBSP) generated by a spliced hepatitis B virus RNA participates in abnormality of fibrin formation and functions by binding to fibrinogen . chain. J Med Virol. 2010 Dec 1e-120   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Chen WN (2008) Hepatitis B doubly spliced protein, generated by a 2.2 kb doubly spliced hepatitis B virus RNA, is a pleiotropic activator protein mediating its effects via activator protein-1- and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-binding sites. J Gen Virol. 2010 Oct 1e-118   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Chen (2001) Gene cloning and sequencing of HBsAg of HBV Unpublished 1e-104   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chen (2007) Improved multiplex-PCR to identify hepatitis B virus genotypes A-F and subgenotypes B1, B2, C1 and C2 J. Clin. Virol. 38 (3), 238-243 (2007) 1e-81   8 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chen (1995) Analysis of integrated hepatitis B virus DNA and flanking cellular sequences in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HCC36 Intervirology 37 (1), 41-46 (1994) 0 2 2 100 HBVDB
Chen (2007) ppS coding region is popular in south China Unpublished 1e-159   39 0 Unpublished
Chen (2009) Complete genome sequence analysis of Hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-170   4 0 Unpublished
Chen (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (20-DEC-2009) Medical Research Center, T 1e-178   18 0 Unpublished
Chen (2005) Direct Submission Submitted (17-OCT-2005) Institute of Infectious Di 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Chen (2006) Establishment of consensus sequence of Hepatitis B virus with genotype B and serotype adw2 prevailing in Guangzhou of China Unpublished 0   10 0 Unpublished
Chen (2002) Pre-S deletion mutants co-exist with wild-type virus at low viral replication stage in Singapore chronic hepatitis B virus carriers Curr. Microbiol. 44 (2), 145-147 (2002) 7e-07   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chen (2003) Complete genome sequence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) from a patient with fulminant hepatitis without precore and core promoter mutations: comparison with HBV from a patient with acute hepatitis infected from the same infectious source J. Hepatol. 38 (1), 84-90 (2003) 1e-177 3 3 100 HBVDB
Chen (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (08-MAR-2010) Department of Infectious D 1e-110   30 0 Unpublished
Cheng (2009) Association Between Genomic Heterogeneity of Hepatitis B virus and Intrauterine Infection Unpublished 1e-117   89 0 Unpublished
Cheng (2003) Significance of the study on the quasispecies of hepatitis B virus Zhonghua Chuan Ran Bing Za Zhi 19 (4), 197-198 (20 1e-176   5 0 Unpublished
Cheng (2000) HBV genome sequence from patient's serum of Xiamen, Fujian, China Unpublished 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
Chieochansin (2006) Comparison between different methods for YMDD mutation detection in Hepatitis B virus Unpublished 2e-43   51 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chihara (2007) A persistence case of acute infection with hepatitis B virus genotype H Unpublished 1e-173   1 0 Unpublished
Chirara (1994) Variant of hepatitis B virus isolated in Zimbabwe J. Med. Virol. 42 (1), 73-78 (1994) 1e-115   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Cho (2003) Complete genome of Hepatitis B virus isolated from clinical patient Unpublished 1e-168   1 0 Unpublished
Choi (2006) Direct Submission Submitted (12-JUN-2006) Department of Internal Med 1e-175   1 0 Unpublished
Chongsrisawat (2005) Discordance in laboratory of HBV in Thailand Unpublished 2e-14   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chook (2008) DNA Biomarkers of Hepatocarcinogenic Strains of Hepatitis B Virus Unpublished 1e-178   6 0 Unpublished
Chook (2010) Combined use of Hepatitis B precore wild-type and serum iron/ferritin as biomarkers for better prediction of liver cirrhosis in chronic HBV infection Unpublished 0   40 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Christensen (2001) Outbreak of Hepatitis B among injecting drug users in Denmark J. Clin. Virol. 22 (1), 133-141 (2001) 1e-105   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Chudy (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotype G monoinfection and its transmission by blood components Hepatology 44 (1), 99-107 (2006) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Colson (2009) Detection of a newly identified hepatitis B virus genotype in southeastern France J. Clin. Virol. 45 (2), 165-167 (2009) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Cortes Mancera (2011) Basal core promoter mutation A1762T/G1764A in Hepatitis B virus genotype F strains from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Colombia Unpublished 1e-175   6 0 Unpublished
Crowther (2006) Molecular characterization of Hepatitis B virus vaccine escape mutants in South Africa Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Cuestas (2006) Unusual Naturally Occurring Humoral and Cellular Mutated Epitopes of Hepatitis B Virus in a Chronically Infected Argentine Patient with Anti-HBs Antibodies J. Clin. Microbiol. 44 (6), 2191-2198 (2006) 2e-83   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Cui (2002) The dominant hepatitis B virus genotype identified in Tibet is a C/D hybrid J. Gen. Virol. 83 (PT 11), 2773-2777 (2002) 1e-178 2 2 100 HBVDB
Datta (2005) Genotype, phylogenetic analysis, and transmission pattern of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in families of asymptomatic HBsAg carriers J. Med. Virol. 78 (1), 53-59 (2006) 1e-50   25 0 Gene fragment(s)
Datta (2006) Drug trafficking routes and hepatitis B in injection drug users, Manipur, India Emerging Infect. Dis. 12 (12), 1954-1957 (2006) 6e-51   10 0 Gene fragment(s)
Datta (2007) Detection of a premature stop codon in the surface gene of hepatitis B virus from an HBsAg and antiHBc negative blood donor J. Clin. Virol. 40 (3), 255-258 (2007) 1e-105   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Datta (2009) Genetic characterization of hepatitis B virus in peripheral blood leukocytes: evidence for selection and compartmentalization of viral variants with the immune escape G145R mutation J. Virol. 83 (19), 9983-9992 (2009) 4e-48 56 61 92 HBVDB
Davaalkham (2009) Analysis of hepatitis B surface antigen mutations in Mongolia: molecular epidemiology and implications for mass vaccination Arch. Virol. 152 (3), 575-584 (2007) 0 67 67 100 HBVDB
De Maddalena (2007) High level of genetic heterogeneity in S and P genes of genotype D hepatitis B virus Virology 365 (1), 113-124 (2007) 1e-159 19 100 19 HBVDB
de Oliveira (2008) Phylogeny and molecular genetic parameters of different stages of hepatitis B virus infection in patients from the Brazilian Amazon Arch. Virol. 153 (5), 823-830 (2008) 2e-99   44 0 Gene fragment(s)
Devesa (2006) Clade analysis and surface antigen polymorphism of hepatitis B virus American genotypes J. Med. Virol. 72 (3), 377-384 (2004) 1e-173 2 32 6 HBVDB
Devesa (2007) Subgenotype diversity of hepatitis B virus American genotype F in Amerindians from Venezuela and the general population of Colombia J. Med. Virol. 80 (1), 20-26 (2008) 1e-177 21 107 20 HBVDB
Di Lello (2009) Diversity of hepatitis B and C viruses in Chile J. Med. Virol. 81 (11), 1887-1894 (2009) 1e-128   40 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Dias (2010) Molecular Characterization of the Hepatitis B Virus in Autochthonous and Endogenous Population of the Municipality of Labrea, Western Brazilian Amazon Unpublished 8e-39   20 0 Unpublished
Ding (2000) HBV genes, partial sequence Published Only in Database (2000) 6e-72   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ding (2002) Different hepatitis B virus genotype distributions among asymptomatic carriers and patients with liver diseases in Nanning, southern China Hepatol. Res. 22 (1), 37-44 (2002) 6e-72   9 0 Gene fragment(s)
Dinh Duy (1998) Molecular cloning of gene encoding hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) from human liver tumor biopsies Unpublished 1e-112 1 1 100 HBVDB
Dong Van (2002) Molecular cloning of preS region of Hepatitis B virus from Human liver tumor biopsies Unpublished 8e-30   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Dong (2003) The preliminary study on hepatitis B virus (HBV) quasispecies in patients with chronic HBV infection Zhonghua Chuan Ran Bing Za Zhi 19 (4), 199-203 (20 1e-180 2 2 100 HBVDB
Dong (2003) The preliminary study on individually characterized quasispecies of hepatitis B virus Jie Fang Jun Yi Xue Za Zhi 27 (2), 119-121 (2002) 5e-32   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Dong (2003) The study on quasispecies of hepatitis b virus: reverse transcriptase region in polymerase gene as an example Bing Du Xue Bao 17 (3), 270-272 (2001) 1e-170 11 11 100 HBVDB
Dong (2003) The preliminary study on the quasispecies of hepatitis B virus in patients with chronic hepatitis B Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 39 (12), 838-839 (2000) 1e-151 2 4 50 HBVDB
Dong (2003) The study on polymorphism of hepatitis B virus surface antigen preliminary structure in patients with chronic HBV infection Weichangbingxue He Ganbingxue Zazhi 11 (2), 130-13 1e-158 9 9 100 HBVDB
Dong (2007) Hepatitis B Virus ayw subtype in south China Unpublished 1e-179 2 2 100 HBVDB
Dong (2008) A1762T/G1764A mutations of hepatitis B virus, associated with the increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, reduce basal core promoter activities Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374 (4), 773-776 (2 1e-179 4 4 100 HBVDB
Dong (2002) Cloning and sequencing of a genotype C strain of HBV from China Unpublished 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
Dong (2006) Direct Submission Submitted (18-SEP-2006) The Centre for Emerging In 1e-178 1 1 100 HBVDB
Dreier (2003) Low copy viremia of hepatitis B virus in an anti-HBc and anti-HBs positive blood donor Unpublished 1e-178   1 0 Unpublished
Duong (2004) Comparison of genotypes C and D of the hepatitis B virus in Japan: a clinical and molecular biological study J. Med. Virol. 72 (4), 551-557 (2004) 1e-179 3 3 100 HBVDB
Dupinay T (2010) High prevalence of hepatitis B virus genotype E in Northern Madagascar indicates a West-African lineage. J Med Virol. 2010 Sep 1e-113 45 45 100 HBVDB
Echevarria (2005) Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in Spain: identification of viral genotypes and prediction of antigenic subtypes by limited sequencing J. Med. Virol. 76 (2), 176-184 (2005) 7e-53   269 0 Gene fragment(s)
Elhadad (2010) Mutation detection at hepatitis B surface antigen isolated from chronic liver disease Egyptian patients Unpublished 1e-112   1 0 Unpublished
Elhadad (2010) Mutation detection at the surface antigen of hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-113   1 0 Unpublished
Elkady (2008) Virological and clinical implication of core promoter C1752/V1753 and T1764/G1766 mutations in hepatitis B virus genotype D infection in Mongolia J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 23 (3), 474-481 (2008) 0 17 17 100 HBVDB
Estacio (2001) Nucleotide sequence of a hepatitis B virus genome of subtype adw isolated from a Philippino: Comparison with the reported three genomes of the same subtype J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 3, 215-222 (1988) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Fang (1997) Polymorphism of hepatitis B virus S gene within one patient Unpublished 1e-110   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
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Gao (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (28-NOV-2007) The Institute of Clinical 1e-178 8 9 89 HBVDB
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Haddad (2008) Hepatitis B virus genotyping in chronic hepatitis B patients with resistance to treatment with Lamivudine in Brazil Unpublished 2e-91 50 50 100 HBVDB
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Hass (2005) Phenotype of hepatitis B virus reactivating in HBsAg-negative patients Unpublished 1e-178 2 2 100 HBVDB
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Howard (2003) Hepatitis B virus variants with altered 'a' determinants causing infections in immunized children Unpublished (1993) 1e-106   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Hu (2010) Susceptibility assay of a clinical HBV strain with a new method Unpublished 1e-180   1 0 Unpublished
Hu (2002) Paired chimpanzee hepatitis B virus (ChHBV) and mtDNA sequences suggest different ChHBV genetic variants are found in geographically distinct chimpanzee subspecies Virus Res. 79 (1-2), 103-108 (2001) 1e-179 1 5 20 HBVDB
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Hua (2004) Gene cloning and sequencing of preS2/S gene of HBV isolating from different areas, China Unpublished 1e-110   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Huang (2008) Prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of Hepatitis B virus among non-human primates in Taiwan Unpublished 1e-179   5 0 Unpublished
Huang (2005) A preliminary study on HBV S gene variants in nonremunerated blood donors of HBsAg protein negative, HBcAB positive Unpublished 4e-50   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
Huang (2002) Direct Submission Submitted (17-SEP-2007) National Laboratory for On 1e-180   5 0 Unpublished
Huang (2009) Hepatitis B virus sequences in the HBcAg-positive hepatocellular carcinoma tumor tissue Unpublished 1e-180   2 0 Unpublished
Huang (2010) Study of Hepatitis B virus sequences in the HBcAg-positive hepatocellular carcinoma Unpublished 0   55 0 Unpublished
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Hussain (2008) Lamivudine for HBeAg negative CHB Unpublished 1e-85   2 0 Unpublished
Huy (2005) Hepatitis B virus isolated from Vietnam Published Only in Database (2005) 1e-179 2 2 100 HBVDB
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Huy (2008) Complete genomic sequence and phylogenetic relatedness of hepatitis B virus isolates in Cambodia Virus Genes 36 (2), 299-305 (2008) 1e-179 3 3 100 HBVDB
Imamichi (2001) Drug resistant profiles of HBV and HIV co-infected patients Unpublished 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Inoue (2008) High prevalence of hepatitis delta virus infection detectable by enzyme immunoassay among apparently healthy individuals in Mongolia J. Med. Virol. 76 (3), 333-340 (2005) 2e-52 5 5 100 HBVDB
Inoue (2009) Analysis of the full-length genome of hepatitis B virus in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with acute hepatitis B and transverse myelitis J. Clin. Virol. 41 (4), 301-304 (2008) 1e-179 2 2 100 HBVDB
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Ireland (2001) Reactivity of 13 in vitro expressed hepatitis B surface antigen variants in 7 commercial diagnostic assays Hepatology 31 (5), 1176-1182 (2000) 1e-116   15 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ito (2004) Duplicated Nucleotide Insertions in the Enhancer II Region of Hepatitis B Virus Identified from Younger Japanese Patient with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Unpublished 1e-176   2 0 Unpublished
Jeantet (2001) Genotype A HBV genomes from a chronic hepatitis B patient Unpublished 0   3 0 Unpublished
Jeantet (2002) Characterization of two Hepatitis B virus populations isolated from a Hepatitis B surface antigen-negative patient Hepatology In press 0 3 3 100 HBVDB
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Jiang (2004) Construction of YMDD mutants of HBV Unpublished 1e-180   1 0 Unpublished
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Jin (2010) Identification of hepatocellular carcinoma-related mutations throughout the complete genome of HBV Unpublished 1e-180   3 0 Unpublished
Juniastuti (2011) Another novel subgenotype of hepatitis B virus genotype C from Papuans of highland origin Published Only in Database (2011) 1e-26 3 3 100 HBVDB
Kajiya (2000) hepatitis B virus from SM Published Only in Database (2000) 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Kamkar (2005) The distribution of HBV genotypes/subtypes among chronically-infected patients in Kuwait Unpublished 2e-65   1 0 Unpublished
Kanada (2007) Type B Fulminant Hepatitis Is Closely Associated with a Highly Mutated Hepatitis B Virus Strain Intervirology 50 (6), 394-401 (2007) 0 15 15 100 HBVDB
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Karayiannis (2008) Fulminant hepatitis associated with hepatitis B virus e antigen-negative infection: importance of host factors Hepatology 22 (6), 1628-1634 (1995) 1e-178 3 3 100 HBVDB
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Kato (2002) HBV genotype G Unpublished 0 3 3 100 HBVDB
Kato (2002) HBV genoypes in USA Unpublished 1e-173 3 3 100 HBVDB
Kato (2008) A Fatal Case of Acute Hepatitis B Developed in a Toluene Abuser Unpublished 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Kato (2008) A fatal case of acute hepatitis B in a case of toluene abuser Unpublished 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Kato (2009) A case of acute hepatitis B in which HBsAg was not detected Published Only in Database (2009) 1e-111   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kato (2004) HBV genotype F Unpublished 1e-176 4 4 100 HBVDB
Kato (2004) HBV genotype F Unpublished 1e-173 1 1 100 HBVDB
Kato (2004) Eight genotypes (A-H) of hepatitis B virus infecting patients from San Francisco and their demographic, clinical, and virological characteristics J. Med. Virol. 73 (4), 516-521 (2004) 2e-67   16 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kato (2002) New hepatitis B virus genotyping system that allows for identification of mixed genotype infection Unpublished 1e-113   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kato (2002) Characteristics of hepatitis B virus isolates of genotype G and their phylogenetic differences from the other six genotypes (A through F) J. Virol. 76 (12), 6131-6137 (2002) 0 4 4 100 HBVDB
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Kato (2003) Hepatitis B virus genotypes in Uzbekistan and validity of two different systems for genotyping J. Med. Virol. 67 (4), 477-483 (2002) 1e-59   6 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kato (2002) HBV genotype F Unpublished 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
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Kazemi (2006) Direct Submission Submitted (23-JAN-2006) Biotechnology Dept, Cellul 5e-93   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
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Kew (2007) Increased hepatocarcinogenic potential of hepatitis B virus genotype A in black Africans Unpublished (2004) 1e-123   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Khan (2008) Epidemiological and clinical evaluation of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and delta hepatitis viruses in Tajikistan J. Med. Virol. 80 (2), 268-276 (2008) 0 8 8 100 HBVDB
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Kim (2009) Comparison of full genome sequences between two Hepatitis B virus strains with or without preC mutation (A1896) from a single Korean hepatocellular carcinoma patient Unpublished 1e-176   2 0 Unpublished
Kim (2007) Analysis of hepatitis B virus quasispecies distribution in a Korean chronic patient based on the full genome sequences J. Med. Virol. 79 (3), 212-219 (2007) 1e-175 3 5 60 HBVDB
Kim (2007) Characterization of two hepatitis B virus populations in a single Korean hepatocellular carcinoma patient with an HBeAg-negative serostatus: a novel X-Gene-deleted strain with inverted duplication sequences of upstream enhancer site II Intervirology 50 (4), 273-280 (2007) 1e-175 2 2 100 HBVDB
Kim (2003) HBV surface gene mutation from Korean children who got a failure of perinatal HBV prophylaxis Unpublished 2e-49   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kim (2000) Complete nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus (subtype adr) Korean J. Biochem. 21, 319-331 (1988) 1e-175   1 0 Unpublished
Kim (2002) Phylogenetic analysis of HBV strain from Korea Unpublished 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Kimbi (2004) Distinctive sequence characteristics of subgenotype A1 isolates of hepatitis B virus from South Africa J. Gen. Virol. 85 (PT 5), 1211-1220 (2004) 0 23 23 100 HBVDB
Knoll (2007) Long-term surveillance of haematopoietic stem cell recipients with resolved hepatitis B: high risk of viral reactivation even in a recipient with a vaccinated donor J. Viral Hepat. 14 (7), 478-483 (2007) 1e-114   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
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Koch (1999) Expression of a hepatitis B virus transcript containing fused mitochondrial-like domains in human hepatoma cells Virology 170 (2), 591-594 (1989) 1e-78 1 1 100 HBVDB
Koechel (1996) Direct Submission Unpublished 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Kojima (2010) genotypes of hepatitis B virus in patients with HIV infection Unpublished 0   5 0 Unpublished
Komatsu (2009) Hepatitis B virus, complete genome Unpublished 1e-180   10 0 Unpublished
Komatsu (2010) Sequencing of hepatitis B virus complete genome isolated from a child, father, and grandfather Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Koseki (2008) Sequence analysis of the entire genome of hepatitis B virus from a patient with fulminant hepatitis Yamagata Med. J. 17, 27-40 (1999) 1e-180   4 0 Unpublished
Kramvis (2005) Full genome analysis of hepatitis B virus genotype E strains from South-Western Africa and Madagascar reveals low genetic variability J. Med. Virol. 77 (1), 47-52 (2005) 1e-180 9 9 100 HBVDB
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Kumar (2006) A unique segment of Hepatitis B Virus group D2 genotype identified in isolates from India G.B. Pant Hospital Unpublished 2e-59   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kumar (2007) Antique segment of Hepatitis B Virus group A2 genotype identified in isolates from India Unpublished 2e-59   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kumar (2007) HBV genotypes and HBSAG mutations in subjects (or family contacts of HBV infected patients) with occult HBV infection Unpublished 6e-60   12 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kumar (2007) Unique segment of Hepatitis B virus group A2 genotype identified in isolates from India Unpublished 2e-59   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Kurbanov (2007) A new subtype (subgenotype) Ac (A3) of hepatitis B virus and recombination between genotypes A and E in Cameroon J. Gen. Virol. 86 (PT 7), 2047-2056 (2005) 0 9 9 100 HBVDB
Kuskucu (2009) Detection of HBsAg in Isolated Anti-HBC Positive Patients with Immuno-Real Time PCR and Investigation of 'a' Determinant Mutations Unpublished 1e-108   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lai (2008) The oncogenic potential of hepatitis B virus rtA181T/surface truncation mutant Unpublished 1e-119   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lai (1994) Sequence analysis of HBV genomes isolated from patients with HBsAg chronic liver disease Unpublished 1e-148   3 0 Unpublished
Lai (2001) Sequence analysis of hepatitis B virus genome of a new mutant of ayw subtype isolated in Sardinia Nucleic Acids Res. 19 (18), 5078 (1991) 1e-177   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Lai (2001) Sequence analysis of HBV genomes isolated from patients with HBsAg negative chronic liver disease Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Lai (2001) Sequence analysis of HBV genomes isolated from patients with HBsAg negative chronic liver disease Unpublished 0   3 0 Unpublished
Lai (2006) Direct Submission Unpublished 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Lanford (1998) Isolation of a hepadnavirus from the woolly monkey, a New World primate Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95 (10), 5757-5761 ( 1e-153 1 1 100 HBVDB
Lanford (2000) Hepadnavirus infection in captive gibbons J. Virol. 74 (6), 2955-2959 (2000) 1e-107   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lanford (2003) An infectious clone of woolly monkey hepatitis B virus J. Virol. 77 (14), 7814-7819 (2003) 1e-154 1 1 100 HBVDB
Laoi (2008) Molecular characterization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates, including identification of a novel recombinant, in patients with acute HBV infection attending an Irish hospital J. Med. Virol. 80 (9), 1554-1564 (2008) 1e-142 5 8 63 HBVDB
Lazarevic (2007) Distribution of HBV genotypes, subgenotypes and HBsAg subtypes among chronically infected patients in Serbia Arch. Virol. 152 (11), 2017-2025 (2007) 1e-80   89 0 Gene fragment(s)
Li (2007) Critical role of the 36-nucleotide insertion in hepatitis B virus genotype G in core protein expression, genome replication, and virion secretion J. Virol. 81 (17), 9202-9215 (2007) 0   2 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Li (2004) Direct Submission Submitted (12-JAN-2009) Viral Hepatitis Research L 0   1299 0 Unpublished
Li (2009) Hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase gene from chronic hepatitis B patients Unpublished 0   305 0 Unpublished
Li (2009) Acute hepatitis B complete genome Unpublished 0 131 131 100 HBVDB
Li (2009) Adefovir resistance related mutations in RT region and their effect on the biological features of HBV Unpublished 1e-180 4 4 100 HBVDB
Lin (2001) Full-length genomic analysis of hepatitis B virus isolates in a patient progressing from hepatitis to hepatocellular carcinoma J. Med. Virol. 64 (4), 299-304 (2001) 1e-177 4 4 100 HBVDB
Lin (2007) Systematic analysis of splice variant of Hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-119   1 0 Unpublished
Lin (2010) Deletion variants of hepatitis B virus isolated from the patients with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-118   1 0 Unpublished
Lin (2006) [Structural and functional analysis of 2.2 kb spliced variant of hepatitis B virus genomes isolated from liver tissues from hepatocellular carcinoma patients] Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 1e-118   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Lin (2003) A Novel Defective HBV Derived From Spliced Pregenomic RNA Unpublished 3e-45   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lin (2005) A novel Hepatitis B virus genome derived from pregenomic RNA splicing Unpublished 2e-12   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lin (2003) A single amino acid in the reverse transcriptase domain of hepatitis B virus affects virus replication efficiency J. Virol. 75 (23), 11827-11833 (2001) 1e-175   4 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Lin (2002) Genotype distribution of HBV from hepatocellular carcinoma tissues Unpublished 1e-180 23 23 100 HBVDB
Lindh (2006) Lamivudine resistance of hepatitis B virus masked by coemergence of mutations in probe region of the COBAS AMPLICOR assay J. Clin. Microbiol. 44 (7), 2587-2589 (2006) 3e-21   8 0 Gene fragment(s)
Liu (2010) Characterization of potential antiviral resistance mutations in hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase sequences in treatment-naive Chinese patients Antiviral Res. 85 (3), 512-519 (2010) 0 64 64 100 HBVDB
Liu (2000) Prevalence and clinical significance of surface gene variants of hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-50   25 0 Gene fragment(s)
Liu (2003) A prospective study characterizing full-length hepatitis B virus genomes during acute exacerbation Unpublished 1e-180   14 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Liu (2002) Naturally occurring hepatitis B surface gene variants in chronic hepatitis B virus infection: correlation with viral serotypes and clinical stages of liver disease J. Med. Virol. 68 (1), 50-59 (2002) 1e-55   103 0 Gene fragment(s)
Liu (2004) Origin of serum hepatitis B virus in acute exacerbation: comparison with HBV in the liver and from other exacerbation Hepatology 40 (2), 310-317 (2004) 1e-180   11 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Liu (2001) Wide variety of genotypes and geographical origins of hepatitis B virus in Belgian children Unpublished 1e-120   23 0 Gene fragment(s)
Liu (2004) Genetically Engineered Plant-Based HBV Vaccine Unpublished 1e-104   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Liu (2010) Virological Mechanism of the Loss of Entecavir Genetic Barrier Due to Lamivudine-Entecavir Sequential Therapy Unpublished 8e-71   413 0 Unpublished
Liu (2007) Four Subgenotypes of Hepatitis B Virus Genotype B with Distinct Virologic and Geographic Characteristics Unpublished 1e-179   8 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Liu (2007) Four Subgenotypes of Hepatitis B Virus Genotype B with Distinct Virologic and Geographic Characteristics Unpublished 1e-180   24 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome isolated from a patient Unpublished 1e-180   31 0 Unpublished
Liu (2002) Direct Submission Submitted (08-MAR-2008) Viral Hepatitis Research L 1e-177   26 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome Unpublished 1e-176   5 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (10-MAR-2008) Viral Hepatitis Research L 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a HBeAg negative patient with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-179   5 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a HBsAg/HBeAg positive patient with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure Unpublished 1e-179   4 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in HBsAg/HBeAg positive patients Unpublished 1e-177   2 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a patient with primary hepatocellular carcinoma caused by chronic hepatitis B virus infection Unpublished 1e-177   3 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a HBeAg positive patient with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 0   2 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome Unpublished 1e-175   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a patient with primary hepatocellular carcinoma caused by chronic hepatitis B virus infection Unpublished 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a patient with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-178   5 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a HBeAg/HBeAb dual positive patient with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-178   2 0 Unpublished
Liu (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome in a patient with liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis B virus infection Unpublished 1e-178   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2009) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome isolated from a patient Unpublished 1e-180   55 0 Unpublished
Liu (2009) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome isolated from a patient Unpublished 1e-177   7 0 Unpublished
Liu (2009) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome isolated from a patient Unpublished 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2009) Hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase gene isolated from a patient receiving sequential nucleos(t)ide analogs Unpublished 1e-177 12 12 100 HBVDB
Liu (2010) Hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase gene isolated from a patient receiving sequential nucleos(t)ide analogs Unpublished 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Liu (2010) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome isolated from a patient Unpublished 0   36 0 Unpublished
Liu (2010) Hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase gene isolated from a patient receiving sequential nucleos(t)ide analogs Unpublished 1e-175   5 0 Unpublished
Livingston (2006) Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes in Alaska Native People with Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Preponderance of Genotype F Unpublished 3e-40   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Livingston (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotypes in Alaska Native people with hepatocellular carcinoma: preponderance of genotype F J. Infect. Dis. 195 (1), 5-11 (2007) 4e-62   1322 0 Gene fragment(s)
Loncarevic (2001) Sequence of a replication competent hepatitis B virus genome with a preX open reading frame Nucleic Acids Res. 18 (16), 4940 (1990) 1e-176 1 1 100 HBVDB
Louisirirotchanakul (2003) S gene of HBV in Thailand Unpublished 1e-100   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Louisirirotchanakul (2003) HBV a determinant Unpublished 2e-50   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Louisirirotchanakul (2005) Mutation of the 'a' determinant of HBsAg with discordant HBsAg diagnostic kits Viral Immunol. 17 (3), 440-444 (2004) 1e-103   2 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Louisirirotchanakul (2009) Direct Submission Submitted (20-FEB-2008) Microbiology, Faculty of M 1e-173   2 0 Unpublished
Lu (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (23-JUL-2008) Departmant of Infectious D 1e-178   1 0 Unpublished
Lu (2007) Mutation analysis of Hepatitis B virus by direct DNA sequencing Unpublished 1e-176   11 0 Unpublished
Lukhwareni (2007) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase sequences from South African HIV co-infected treatment naive individuals Unpublished 1e-117 38 76 50 HBVDB
Lukhwareni (2008) A novel HBV genotype G HBV polymerase gene sequence from South African HIV patient on HAART Unpublished 1e-108   1 0 Unpublished
Luo (2004) The putative recombination of hepatitis B virus genotype B with pre-C/C region of genotype C Virus Genes 29 (1), 31-41 (2004) 0   24 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Lusida (2004) Genotype and subtype analyses of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and possible co-infection of HBV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis D virus (HDV) in blood donors, patients with chronic liver disease and patients on hemodialysis in Surabaya, Indonesia Microbiol. Immunol. 47 (12), 969-975 (2003) 5e-61   54 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lusida (2008) Novel subgenotypes of hepatitis B virus genotypes C and D in Papua, Indonesia J. Clin. Microbiol. 46 (7), 2160-2166 (2008) 2e-29   27 0 Gene fragment(s)
Lyoo (2010) Genetic Variability and Subgenotyping of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease in Korea Unpublished 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Lyra (2002) Virologic features of patients with acute viral hepatitis from Brazil Unpublished 3e-52   40 0 Gene fragment(s)
MacDonald (2001) Detection of hepatitis B virus infection in wild-born chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus): phylogenetic relationships with human and other primate genotypes J. Virol. 74 (9), 4253-4257 (2000) 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Magobo (2009) Full length genome characterization of hepatitis B virus isolates at Dr. George Mukhari Hospital in Pretoria, South Africa Unpublished 0   7 0 Unpublished
Magobo (2009) Genetic variability of HBV surface gene in HBV monoinfected patients at Dr George Mukhari hospital in Pretoria, South Africa Unpublished 1e-122   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
Magobo (2009) Polymerase gene mutations in therapy naive HBV carriers at Dr George Mukhari hospital in Pretoria, South Africa Unpublished 1e-178 2 4 50 HBVDB
Mahgoub (2011) Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection and Recombination between HBV Genotypes D and E in Asymptomatic Blood Donors from Khartoum, Sudan J. Clin. Microbiol. 49 (1), 298-306 (2011) 1e-122 46 46 100 HBVDB
Makuwa (2010) Inter-community transmission and dissemination of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis delta viruses in rural Gabon, central Africa Unpublished 1e-180   25 0 Unpublished
Makuwa (2006) Identification of hepatitis B virus subgenotype A3 in rural Gabon J. Med. Virol. 78 (9), 1175-1184 (2006) 0 2 12 17 HBVDB
Makuwa (2006) HBV complete genomes in wild-born chimpanzees Unpublished 1e-42   8 0 Gene fragment(s)
Makuwa (2007) Identification of hepatitis B virus genome in faecal sample from wild living chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in Gabon J. Clin. Virol. 34 SUPPL 1, S83-S88 (2005) 5e-88   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Makuwa (2007) Analysis of HBV genomes originated from Central Africa wild-born chimpanzees showed both subspecies and geographic clustering of HBVcpz strains Unpublished 1e-42   5 0 Gene fragment(s)
Makuwa (2008) Prevalence and genetic diversity of hepatitis B and delta viruses in pregnant women in Gabon: molecular evidence that hepatitis delta virus clade 8 originates from and is endemic in central Africa J. Clin. Microbiol. 46 (2), 754-756 (2008) 0 1 16 6 HBVDB
Makuwa (2008) Complete-genome analysis of hepatitis B virus from wild-born chimpanzees in central Africa demonstrates a strain-specific geographical cluster J. Gen. Virol. 88 (PT 10), 2679-2685 (2007) 1e-179 4 8 50 HBVDB
Makuwa (2009) Prevalence and molecular diversity of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis delta virus in urban and rural populations in northern Gabon in central Africa J. Clin. Microbiol. 47 (7), 2265-2268 (2009) 0   13 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Malik (2007) Acute viral hepatitis B sequences with surface mutation Unpublished 2e-62   17 0 Gene fragment(s)
Malik (2008) Studies on the use of HBV epitope chimeras Unpublished 1e-107   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mao (2007) Selection and Clearance of Entecavir-Resistant HBV Strains in A Lamivudine-Resistant Hepatitis B Patient Treated with Entecavir: A Case Report Unpublished 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Margeridon (2005) A quasi-monoclonal anti-HBs response can lead to immune escape of 'wild-type' hepatitis B virus J. Gen. Virol. 86 (PT 6), 1687-1693 (2005) 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
Margeridon (2006) Rolling Circle Amplification: a highly sensitive method for the amplification of the HBV replication template Unpublished 8e-73   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Margeridon (2007) Rolling circle amplification of residual cccDNA from a chronic hepatitis B carrier who has seroconverted to anti-HBs Unpublished 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Margeridon (2008) Rolling circle amplification, a powerful tool for genetic and functional studies of complete hepatitis B virus genomes from low-level infections and for directly probing covalently closed circular DNA Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 52 (9), 3068-3073 (2 0 6 6 100 HBVDB
Margeridon-Thermet (2009) Ultra-deep pyrosequencing of hepatitis B virus quasispecies from nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-treated patients and NRTI-naive patients J. Infect. Dis. 199 (9), 1275-1285 (2009) 0 37 37 100 HBVDB
Marschenz (2006) Functional analysis of complex hepatitis B virus variants associated with development of liver cirrhosis Gastroenterology 131 (3), 765-780 (2006) 0 5 5 100 HBVDB
Marschenz (2008) Co-replication analyses of naturally occurring defective hepatitis B virus variants with wild-type Virology 372 (2), 247-259 (2008) 0 3 3 100 HBVDB
Martin (2008) Characterization of Mutations Associated with Occult Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in HIV-Positive Individuals Unpublished 1e-40   31 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mathet (2002) Hepatitis B virus S gene mutants in a patient with chronic active hepatitis with circulating Anti-HBs antibodies J. Med. Virol. 69 (1), 18-26 (2003) 1e-44   22 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mathet (2005) Characterization of two Hepatitis B virus isolates ascribed to the E genotype in Argentina: an unusual detection in a family of African descendants even in presence of high titers of anti-HBs antibodies Unpublished 3e-75   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mathet (2006) Dynamics of a hepatitis B virus e antigen minus population ascribed to genotype F during the course of a chronic infection despite the presence of anti-HBs antibodies Virus Res. 123 (1), 72-85 (2007) 1e-44   35 0 Gene fragment(s)
Matsuura (2009) Distribution of hepatitis B virus genotypes among patients with chronic infection in Japan shifting toward an increase of genotype A J. Clin. Microbiol. 47 (5), 1476-1483 (2009) 0   11 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
May (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (05-JAN-2010) Institut fuer Medizinische 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Mbayed (1998) Distribution of hepatitis B virus genotypes in two different pediatric populations from Argentina J. Clin. Microbiol. 36 (11), 3362-3365 (1998) 1e-105   22 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mbayed (2001) Phylogenetic analysis of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype F including Argentine isolates Arch. Virol. 146 (9), 1803-1810 (2001) 1e-105   6 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mbayed (2009) Molecular characterization of hepatitis B virus genotype A from Argentina and Brazil Arch. Virol. 154 (3), 525-529 (2009) 1e-113   4 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Meisel (1998) Nucleotide sequence of HBV adw variant Unpublished (1993) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Meldal (2009) A novel hepatitis B virus subgenotype, D7, in Tunisian blood donors J. Gen. Virol. 90 (PT 7), 1622-1628 (2009) 0 119 120 99 HBVDB
Meldal (2009) Diversity of Hepatitis B virus infecting Malaysian candidate blood donors is driven by viral and host factors Unpublished 0 78 78 100 HBVDB
Mello (2007) Hepatitis B virus genotypes circulating in Brazil: molecular characterization of genotype F isolates BMC Microbiol. 7, 103 (2007) 1e-116   67 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mendy (2008) Envelope protein variability among HBV-Infected asymptomatic carriers and immunized children with breakthrough infections J. Med. Virol. 80 (9), 1537-1546 (2008) 1e-113   75 0 Gene fragment(s)
Meuleman (2006) Immune suppression uncovers endogenous cytopathic effects of the hepatitis B virus J. Virol. 80 (6), 2797-2807 (2006) 1e-179   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Michitaka (2004) HBV genotype C in Ehime, Japan Published Only in Database (2004) 1e-178   5 0 Unpublished
Michitaka (2005) Analysis of hepatitis B virus DNA in Ehime,Japan Unpublished 1e-175   1 0 Unpublished
Michitaka (2006) Tracing the history of hepatitis B virus genotype D in western Japan J. Med. Virol. 78 (1), 44-52 (2006) 0 14 17 82 HBVDB
Michitaka (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotype D in Japan Unpublished 1e-178   2 0 Unpublished
Michitaka (2007) Heterogeneity of hepatitis B virus genotype D in Japan Intervirology 50 (2), 150-155 (2007) 1e-178 3 3 100 HBVDB
Midilli (2009) First description of HBV Genotype A in Turkey Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Mizusawa (1993) Inversely repeating integrated hepatitis B virus DNA and cellular flanking sequences in the human hepatoma-derived cell line huSP Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82 (1), 208-212 (198 1e-115   1 0 Laboratory/experimental isolate
Mohebbi (2008) Molecular epidemiology of Hepatitis B virus in Iran Unpublished 2e-56   249 0 Gene fragment(s)
Monkongdee (1999) Cloning and sequence analysis of hepatitis B virus genome of adr subtype isolated in Thailand J. Sci. Soc. Thailand 24, 155-167 (1998) 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Montazeri (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (13-MAY-2010) Digestive Disease Research 1e-108   79 0 Unpublished
Moraes (1997) Sequence analysis of pre-S/S gene of hepatitis B virus strains of genotypes A, D, and F isolated in Brazil Arch. Virol. 141 (9), 1767-1773 (1996) 1e-117   9 0 Gene fragment(s)
Moriconi (2004) Direct Submission Submitted (16-NOV-2004) U. O. Gastroenterology and 1e-102   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
Moriconi (2007) Emergence of hepatitis B virus quasispecies with lower susceptibility to nucleos(t)ide analogues during lamivudine treatment J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 60 (2), 341-349 (2007) 1e-177 54 54 100 HBVDB
Moriyama (2000) Mutations in the transcriptional regulatory region of the precore and core/pregenome of a hepatitis B virus with defective HBeAg production Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi 85 (11), 314-322 (1994) 1e-176 2 2 100 HBVDB
Moriyama (2004) A precore promoter mutant, pHB4-4 Published Only in Database (2004) 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Morozov (2004) Genotyping of hepatitis B virus isolates from St. Petersburg: identification of A/D recombinant strain Unpublished 8e-99   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Motta (2010) Occult Hepatitis B infection and HBV isolates with lamivudine resistant mutations in renal patients under hemodialysis Unpublished 1e-119   6 0 Gene fragment(s)
Motta-Castro (2009) Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in an isolated Afro-Brazilian community Arch. Virol. 153 (12), 2197-2205 (2008) 1e-114   38 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mrani (2007) Occult hepatitis B virus infection recurrence in liver transplant recipient for HCV-related cirrhosis: full length genome and mutational analysis Unpublished 1e-176 1 1 100 HBVDB
Mugisha (2011) The 'original' Hepatitis B virus of Eastern chimpanzees (Pan trogrodytes schweinfurthii) Virus Res. 155 (1), 372-375 (2011) 1e-178 2 2 100 HBVDB
Mukaide (1999) The complete nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus, subtype adr (SRADR) and phylogenetic analysis Nucleic Acids Res. 20 (22), 6105 (1992) 1e-175 2 2 100 HBVDB
Mulders (2004) Low genetic diversity despite hyperendemicity of hepatitis B virus genotype E throughout West Africa J. Infect. Dis. 190 (2), 400-408 (2004) 1e-119   117 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mulyanto (2009) A nationwide molecular epidemiological study on hepatitis B virus in Indonesia: identification of two novel subgenotypes, B8 and C7 Arch. Virol. 154 (7), 1047-1059 (2009) 1e-180   953 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Mulyanto (2010) Identification and characterization of novel hepatitis B virus subgenotype C10 in Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia Arch. Virol. 155 (5), 705-715 (2010) 1e-178 18 18 100 HBVDB
Mulyanto (2010) Analysis of the full-length genomes of novel hepatitis B virus subgenotypes C11 and C12 in Papua, Indonesia J. Med. Virol. 83 (1), 54-64 (2011) 1e-179 60 60 100 HBVDB
Munne (2005) Acute Hepatitis B and Polyarteritis nodosa Unpublished 2e-38   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Munne (2005) Occult HBV infection in Argentine Unpublished 8e-19   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Murhekar (2006) Hepatitis B virus genotypes among the Jarawas: a primitive Negrito tribe of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India Arch. Virol. 151 (8), 1499-1510 (2006) 1e-100   5 0 Gene fragment(s)
Murphy (2001) Cloning of Viral Hepatitis B Protein X Unpublished 4e-22   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Mwangi (2009) Molecular genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus in Kenya Intervirology 51 (6), 417-421 (2008) 1e-08   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Nagasaki (2006) Analysis of the entire nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus genotype B in the Philippines reveals a new subgenotype of genotype B J. Gen. Virol. 87 (PT 5), 1175-1180 (2006) 1e-180 5 5 100 HBVDB
Nagasaki (2008) Analysis of the entire nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B causing consecutive cases of fatal fulminant hepatitis in Miyagi Prefecture Japan J. Med. Virol. 80 (6), 967-973 (2008) 1e-178 4 5 80 HBVDB
Nakajima (2005) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome Published Only in Database (2005) 0 8 8 100 HBVDB
Nakajima (2005) Full-length sequence of hepatitis B virus belonging to genotype H identified in a Japanese patient with chronic hepatitis Jpn. J. Infect. Dis. 58 (4), 244-246 (2005) 1e-172 1 1 100 HBVDB
Nakajima (2007) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome Published Only in Database (2007) 1e-180 3 3 100 HBVDB
Nakajima (2008) Hepatitis B virus full-length genome Published Only in Database (2005) 1e-180 4 4 100 HBVDB
Nakano (2002) Hepatitis B virus S gene of Venezuelan isolate Published Only in Database (2002) 1e-105   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Nakano (2001) Characterization of hepatitis B virus genotypes among Yucpa Indians in Venezuela J. Gen. Virol. 82 (PT 2), 359-365 (2001) 1e-175 16 16 100 HBVDB
Naumann (2001) Identification of a new hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype from Brazil that expresses HBV surface antigen subtype adw4 J. Gen. Virol. 74 (PT 8), 1627-1632 (1993) 1e-173 1 1 100 HBVDB
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Nguyen (2004) Sequence analysis of pre-S/S gene segment from some clinical heptatitis B virus isolates Unpublished 6e-33   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ni (1997) A new immune escape mutant of hepatitis B virus with an Asp to Ala substitution in aa144 of the envelope major protein Res. Virol. 146 (6), 397-407 (1995) 1e-106   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
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Noppornpanth (2002) Pre S1 region of HBV isolated from gibbon serum Unpublished 1e-114   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Noppornpanth (2002) Direct Submission Submitted (07-JUN-2000) Pediatric, Chulalongkorn U 1e-112   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Noppornpanth (2003) Molecular epidemiology of gibbon hepatitis B virus transmission J. Gen. Virol. 84 (PT 1), 147-155 (2003) 1e-179 2 17 12 HBVDB
Norder (1993) Comparison of the amino acid sequences of nine different serotypes of hepatitis B surface antigen and genomic classification of the corresponding hepatitis B virus strains J. Gen. Virol. 73 (PT 5), 1201-1208 (1992) 1e-116   8 0 Gene fragment(s)
Norder (1997) Complete sequencing of a gibbon hepatitis B virus genome reveals a unique genotype distantly related to the chimpanzee hepatitis B virus Virology 218 (1), 214-223 (1996) 1e-179 1 1 100 HBVDB
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Norder (2006) Complete genomes, phylogenetic relatedness, and structural proteins of six strains of the hepatitis B virus, four of which represent two new genotypes Virology 198 (2), 489-503 (1994) 1e-180 6 6 100 HBVDB
Norouzi (2010) The prevalence of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) variations and correlation with the clinical and serologic pictures in Khorasan province, North-east of Iran Unpublished 1e-107   23 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Identification of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) variations and correlation with the clinical and serologic pictures in chronic carriers from Isfahan province, Iran Unpublished 1e-108   19 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) The prevalence of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) variations and correlation with the clinical and serologic pictures in Hormozgan province, south of Iran Unpublished 1e-108   18 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in western state of Iran, Kermanshah Unpublished 1e-108   46 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in capital state of Iran, Tehran Unpublished 1e-107   10 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in southern state of Iran, Sistan-Balouchestan Unpublished 1e-109   21 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in capital state of Iran, Tehran Unpublished 1e-108   53 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in southern state of Iran, Khouzestan Unpublished 1e-107   12 0 Unpublished
Norouzi (2011) The prevalence of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) variations and correlation with the clinical and serologic pictures in Khorasan province, North-east of Iran Unpublished 1e-107   3 0 Unpublished
Nourouzi (2010) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus, and mutation analysis of S gene in north western state of Iran, Azarbayjan Unpublished 1e-107   17 0 Unpublished
Nurainy (2008) Genetic study of hepatitis B virus in Indonesia reveals a new subgenotype of genotype B in east Nusa Tenggara Arch. Virol. 153 (6), 1057-1065 (2008) 1e-180   61 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Odemuyiwa (2001) Phylogenetic Analysis of new HBV isolates from Nigeria supports endemicity of genotype E in West Africa Unpublished 1e-114   19 0 Gene fragment(s)
Odemuyiwa (2007) Phylogenetic analysis of new hepatitis B virus isolates from Nigeria supports endemicity of genotype E in West Africa J. Med. Virol. 65 (3), 463-469 (2001) 1e-105   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Odgerel (2003) Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates from patients with chronic HBV infection in Korea J. Med. Virol. 71 (4), 499-503 (2003) 1e-176 3 3 100 HBVDB
Odgerel (2006) Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolated from Mongolian patients with chronic HBV infection Virus Genes 33 (3), 345-349 (2006) 1e-178 2 6 33 HBVDB
Ogata (1993) The complete nucleotide sequence of a pre-core mutant of hepatitis B virus implicated in fulminant hepatitis and its biological characterization in chimpanzees Virology 194 (1), 263-276 (1993) 1e-174 1 1 100 HBVDB
Ogura (2007) The prevalence and significance of naturally occurring mutations in the surface and polymerase genes of hepatitis B virus Unpublished 1e-104   42 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ohkawa (2009) Supportive role played by precore and preS2 genomic changes in the establishment of lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus J. Infect. Dis. 198 (8), 1150-1158 (2008) 1e-177 44 44 100 HBVDB
Ohkawa (2009) Mutations associated with the therapeutic efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil added to lamivudine in patients resistant to lamivudine with type B chronic hepatitis J. Med. Virol. 81 (5), 798-806 (2009) 1e-176 5 5 100 HBVDB
Ohkawa (2009) Fatal exacerbation of type B chronic hepatitis triggered by enhanced relaxed circular viral DNA synthesis and viral secretion Unpublished 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Ohkawa (2009) Alterations in hepatitis B virus nucleotide sequences in a chronic virus carrier from immunotolerant phase to immunoactive phase Unpublished 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
Ohno (2003) [Defective short variants of S region in chronic HBV carriers] Nippon Rinsho 51 (2), 297-303 (1993) 0   5 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ohnuma (2009) Characterization of genotype H hepatitis B virus strain identified for the first time from a Japanese blood donor by nucleic acid amplification test J. Gen. Virol. 86 (PT 3), 595-599 (2005) 1e-174 1 1 100 HBVDB
Okamoto (1993) Point mutation in the S gene of hepatitis B virus for a d/y or w/r subtypic change in two blood donors carrying a surface antigen of compound subtype adyr or adwr J. Virol. 61 (10), 3030-3034 (1987) 1e-104   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
Okamoto (1993) The loss of subtypic determinants in alleles, d/y or w/r, on hepatitis B surface antigen Mol. Immunol. 26 (2), 197-205 (1989) 1e-104   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Okamoto (1995) Site-directed mutagenesis of hepatitis B surface antigen sequence at codon 160 from arginine to lysine for conversion of subtypic determinant from r to w Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 148 (1), 500-504 (1 1e-104   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Okamoto (1999) Typing hepatitis B virus by homology in nucleotide sequence: comparison of surface antigen subtypes J. Gen. Virol. 69 (PT 10), 2575-2583 (1988) 1e-180 8 8 100 HBVDB
Okamoto (2001) Genomic heterogeneity of hepatitis B virus in a 54-year-old woman who contracted the infection through materno-fetal transmission Jpn. J. Exp. Med. 57 (4), 231-236 (1987) 1e-176 3 3 100 HBVDB
Okamoto (2004) Nucleotide sequence of a cloned hepatitis B virus genome, subtype ayr: comparison with genomes of the other three subtypes J. Gen. Virol. 67 (PT 11), 2305-2314 (1986) 1e-178 1 1 100 HBVDB
Olinger (2006) Phylogenetic analysis of the precore/core gene of hepatitis B virus genotypes E and A in West Africa: new subtypes, mixed infections and recombinations J. Gen. Virol. 87 (PT 5), 1163-1173 (2006) 0 2 2 100 HBVDB
Olinger (2008) Multiple genotypes and subtypes of hepatitis B and C viruses in Belarus: similarities with Russia and western European influences Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 14 (6), 575-581 (2008) 0 36 93 39 HBVDB
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Thedja (2010) Ethnogeographical structure of hepatitis B virus genotype distribution in Indonesia Unpublished 1e-180 24 24 100 HBVDB
Thedja (2010) Occult hepatitis B in blood donors in Indonesia: altered antigenicity of the hepatitis B virus surface protein Hepatol Int 4 (3), 608-614 (2010) 2e-31 18 18 100 HBVDB
Thippavazzula (2005) HBV S region sequence Unpublished 1e-65   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Thippavazzula (2006) Prevalent HBV genotypes and subtypes in a South Indian population J. Clin. Virol. 37 (1), 58-64 (2006) 5e-72   30 0 Gene fragment(s)
Thuy le (2008) Distribution of genotype/subtype and mutational spectra of the surface gene of hepatitis B virus circulating in Hanoi, Vietnam J. Med. Virol. 76 (2), 161-169 (2005) 4e-31   6 0 Gene fragment(s)
Ting (1995) Characterization of nucleotide seqence of hepatitis B surface gene and enhancer element of HBV Chinese J. Microbiol. Immunol. 20, 224-240 (1987) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Tong (2007) Direct Submission Submitted (14-JUN-2007) Microbiology, Military Med 4e-75   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tong (2000) Active hepatitis B virus replication in the presence of anti-HBe is associated with viral variants containing an inactive pre-C region Virology 176 (2), 596-603 (1990) 1e-176 1 1 100 HBVDB
Tong (2009) A novel nucleotide insertion in S gene of hepatitis B virus in a chronic carrier Unpublished 1e-106   23 0 Gene fragment(s)
Toro (2006) Molecular and epidemiological characteristics of blood-borne virus infections among recent immigrants in Spain J. Med. Virol. 78 (12), 1599-1608 (2006) 1e-119   43 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Toshimasa (2000) Unique substitutions within the surface gene of hepatitis B virus (HBV) derived from a patients with HB surface antigen-negative and HBV-DNA-positive liver cirrhosis Unpublished 1e-109   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (1993) Emergence of and takeover by hepatitis B virus (HBV) with rearrangements in the pre-S/S and pre-C/C genes during chronic HBV infection J. Virol. 65 (7), 3566-3574 (1991) 1e-119   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (2004) Nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus genotype D in Ehime, Japan Unpublished 1e-106   9 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (2006) HBV in Vietnamese children with liver diseases Published Only in Database (2006) 1e-107   13 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (2007) Genetic variability of Hepatitis B virus small S gene in Asia Published Only in Database (2005) 1e-116   115 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (2007) Hepatitis B virus isolated from Vietnam Published Only in Database (2005) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Tran (2003) Recombination of genotypes B and C in hepatitis B virus isolated from a Vietnamese patient with fulminant hepatitis Jpn. J. Infect. Dis. 56 (1), 35-37 (2003) 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Tran (2006) Characterization of HBV in Lamivudine treated patients, Vietnam Published Only in Database (2006) 1e-106   15 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tran (2008) New complex recombinant genotype of hepatitis B virus identified in Vietnam J. Virol. 82 (11), 5657-5663 (2008) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Trinks (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (02-MAR-2007) Microbiology, University o 2e-74   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Trinks (2008) Two Hepatitis B virus (HBV) epidemics in Buenos Aires, Argentina Unpublished 0 5 29 17 HBVDB
Tsatsralt-Od (2009) Prevalence of hepatitis B, C, and delta virus infections among children in Mongolia: progress in childhood immunization J. Med. Virol. 79 (8), 1064-1074 (2007) 1e-59   58 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tsatsralt-Od (2009) High prevalence of dual or triple infection of hepatitis B, C, and delta viruses among patients with chronic liver disease in Mongolia J. Med. Virol. 77 (4), 491-499 (2005) 1e-59   120 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tsatsralt-Od (2009) Infection with hepatitis A, B, C, and delta viruses among patients with acute hepatitis in Mongolia J. Med. Virol. 78 (5), 542-550 (2006) 1e-59   67 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tsatsralt-Od (2009) High prevalence of hepatitis B, C and delta virus infections among blood donors in Mongolia Arch. Virol. 150 (12), 2513-2528 (2005) 1e-52   26 0 Gene fragment(s)
Tsuge (2005) Infection of human hepatocyte chimeric mouse with genetically engineered hepatitis B virus Hepatology 42 (5), 1046-1054 (2005) 1e-176   2 0 Laboratory/experimental isolate
Tu (2006) Genotyping of Hepatitis B virus isolated from Qidong, China Unpublished 1e-180   16 0 Unpublished
Tu (2008) Clonal proliferation of hepatocytes during chronic Hepatitis B virus infection Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Tuteja (2010) An A/D genotype recombinant of Hepatitis B virus in India Unpublished 0   1 0 Unpublished
Uchida (1999) Complete nucleotide sequences and the characteristics of two hepatitis B virus mutants causing serologically negative acute or chronic hepatitis B J. Med. Virol. 45 (3), 247-252 (1995) 1e-175 3 3 100 HBVDB
Usuda (2000) Differentiation of hepatitis B virus genotypes D and E by ELISA using monoclonal antibodies to epitopes on the preS2-region product J. Virol. Methods 87 (1-2), 81-89 (2000) 1e-139 4 4 100 HBVDB
Utama (2009) Hepatitis B virus genotypes/subgenotypes in voluntary blood donors in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia Virol. J. 6, 128 (2009) 1e-177 2 2 100 HBVDB
Utsumi (2009) Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic relatedness of hepatitis B virus isolates in papua, indonesia J. Clin. Microbiol. 47 (6), 1842-1847 (2009) 1e-180 22 22 100 HBVDB
Utsumi (2011) Another novel subgenotype of hepatitis B virus genotype C from papuans of Highland origin J. Med. Virol. 83 (2), 225-234 (2011) 1e-178 27 27 100 HBVDB
Vaishali (2003) Cryptic Hepatitis B virus infection: analysis of the complete genomic sequence of HBV from nine patients with seronegative viral hepatitis Unpublished 0   26 0 Unpublished
Valente (2011) Epidemiology and molecular characterization of hepatitis B virus in Luanda, Angola Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 105 (8), 970-977 (2010) 1e-118   15 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Valenzuela (2005) The nucleotide sequence of the hepatitis B viral genome and the identification of the major viral genes (in) Fields,B.N., Jaenisch,R. and Fox,C.F. (Eds.); 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Valenzuela (2006) Nucleotide sequence of the gene coding for the major protein of hepatitis B virus surface antigen Nature 280 (5725), 815-819 (1979) 1e-142 1 1 100 HBVDB
Van Geyt (1999) A line probe assay for hepatitis B virus genotypes and applications Unpublished 4e-52   35 0 Gene fragment(s)
van Houdt (2007) Impact of a targeted hepatitis B vaccination program in Amsterdam, The Netherlands Unpublished 1e-111   85 0 Gene fragment(s)
van Houdt (2007) Molecular epidemiology of acute hepatitis B in the Netherlands in 2004: nationwide survey J. Med. Virol. 79 (7), 895-901 (2007) 1e-110   158 0 Gene fragment(s)
Van Houdt (2009) Ongoing transmission of a single hepatitis B strain among men having sex with men in Amsterdam Unpublished 1e-113   40 0 Gene fragment(s)
van Houdt (2009) Two decades of hepatitis B infections among drug users in Amsterdam: are they still a high-risk group? J. Med. Virol. 81 (7), 1163-1169 (2009) 1e-113   65 0 Gene fragment(s)
van Houdt (2009) Hepatitis B vaccination targeted at behavioural risk groups in the Netherlands: does it work? Vaccine 27 (27), 3530-3535 (2009) 1e-110   394 0 Gene fragment(s)
van Steenbergen (2002) Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in Amsterdam 1992-1997 J. Med. Virol. 66 (2), 159-165 (2002) 2e-43   54 0 Gene fragment(s)
Vartanian (2002) Identification of a hepatitis B virus genome in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthi) from East Africa indicates a wide geographical dispersion among equatorial African primates J. Virol. 76 (21), 11155-11158 (2002) 1e-176 1 1 100 HBVDB
Vasquez (2005) Hepatitis B virus isolates envelope protein (HBsAg) gene Unpublished 5e-53   99 0 Gene fragment(s)
Vaudin (2007) The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome of a hepatitis B virus isolated from a naturally infected chimpanzee J. Gen. Virol. 69 (PT 6), 1383-1389 (1988) 1e-179 1 1 100 HBVDB
Veazjalali (2009) A new core promoter mutation and premature stop codon in the S gene in HBV strains from Iranian patients with cirrhosis J. Viral Hepat. 16 (4), 259-264 (2009) 1e-102   62 0 Gene fragment(s)
Venegas (2006) Human hepatitis B virus genotype C, region S, from a patient with chronic hepatitis Unpublished 4e-55   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Venegas (2010) Phylogenetic analysis of complete genome sequences of Hepatitis B virus genotype F of Chilean patients with chronic infection Unpublished 1e-175 1 21 5 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Verschoor (2001) Analysis of two genomic variants of orang-utan hepadnavirus and their relationship to other primate hepatitis B-like viruses J. Gen. Virol. 82 (Pt 4), 893-897 (2001) 1e-173 2 2 100 HBVDB
Vieth (2002) Sequence and Phylogenetic Analysis of Hepatitis B Virus Genotype G Isolated in Germany Virus Genes 24 (2), 149-152 (2002) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Vijayakumar (2005) Intriguing novel vaccine escape mutants of hepatitis B virus in hepatitis B-vaccinated individuals Unpublished 4e-06   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Vitale (2008) Can the serological status of anti-HBc alone be considered a sentinel marker for detection of occult HBV infection? J. Med. Virol. 80 (4), 577-582 (2008) 1e-105   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
von Meltzer (2008) A new clade of Hepatitis B virus subgenotype F1 from Peru with unusual properties Unpublished 1e-174 3 3 100 HBVDB
Wands (2002) Molecular pathogenesis of liver disease during persistent hepatitis B virus infection Semin. Liver Dis. 12 (3), 252-264 (1992) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Wang (2010) Distinct hepatitis B virus dynamics in the immunotolerant and early immunoclearance phases J. Virol. 84 (7), 3454-3463 (2010) 0 236 236 100 HBVDB
Wang (2009) Deletion variants of hepatitis B virus isolated from the patients with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 7e-44   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wang (2009) Splice variants of Hepatitis B virus isolated from the patients with chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 5e-14   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wang (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (05-JUN-2008) Fujian Center of Disease C 1e-180   7 0 Unpublished
Wang (2007) Distribution and characteristics of hepatitis B virus genotype C subgenotypes in China J. Viral Hepat. 14 (6), 426-434 (2007) 0 21 21 100 HBVDB
Wang (2005) A new intertype recombinant between genotypes C and D of hepatitis B virus identified in China J. Gen. Virol. 86 (PT 4), 985-990 (2005) 1e-180 8 8 100 HBVDB
Warren (1999) A new group of hepadnaviruses naturally infecting orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) J. Virol. 73 (9), 7860-7865 (1999) 1e-109   7 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wei (2001) Full-length sequence of genotype C HBV from Chinese patient Unpublished 1e-176   1 0 Unpublished
Weinberger (1998) Mutations in the S-gene of hepatitis B virus isolates from chronic carriers with anti-HBc as the only serological marker of HBV infection (in) Rizzetto,M., Purcell,R.H., Gerin,J.L. and Ver 1e-116 10 16 63 HBVDB
Weinberger (2000) High genetic variability of the group-specific a-determinant of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and the corresponding fragment of the viral polymerase in chronic virus carriers lacking detectable HBsAg in serum J. Gen. Virol. 81 (PT 5), 1165-1174 (2000) 1e-116   28 0 Gene fragment(s)
Weitzmann (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (12-JUN-2001) Medicine (MHRU), Universit 1e-109   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wen (1999) Sequence and functional study on hepatitis B virus in pregnant women in association with failure of protection by postexposure immunization in infants Unpublished 1e-180   2 0 Unpublished
Wen (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (02-MAY-2008) Shanghai Medical College, 1e-177   8 0 Unpublished
Wen (2003) Studies on the structure and function of full-length HBV DNA isolated from the isolated from hepatocellular carcinoma tissues Unpublished 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Wen (2008) HBV genome sequences from serum and liver samples of chronic hepatitis B patients Unpublished 1e-177   49 0 Unpublished
Wen (2002) Structural and functional analysis of hepatitis B virus genomes in fulminant hepatitis B patients Unpublished 1e-180   10 0 Unpublished
Wibawa (2009) Identification of genotype 4 hepatitis E virus strains from a patient with acute hepatitis E and farm pigs in Bali, Indonesia J. Med. Virol. 79 (8), 1138-1146 (2007) 5e-53   11 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wright (2000) Surface gene mutations in OLT recipients on long-term HBIg Unpublished 5e-65   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wright (1998) Incidence and clinical consequences of surface and polymerase gene mutations in liver transplant recipients on hepatitis B immunoglobulin Unpublished 3e-67   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wright (2000) Surface gene mutations in OLT recipients on long-term HBIg Unpublished 5e-71   36 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wright (2000) Incidence and clinical consequences of surface and polymerase gene mutations in liver transplant recipients on hepatitis B immunoglobulin Unpublished 9e-70   4 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wright (2000) Direct Submission Submitted (13-APR-1998) Medicine, VAMC/UCSF, 111B, 2e-69   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wu (2006) A novel hepatitis B virus variant S 129 (Gln-->Leu): lack of correlation between antigenicity and immunogenicity J. Med. Virol. 59 (4), 424-430 (1999) 3e-81   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Wu (2007) Immune response induced by a different combined immunization of HBsAg vaccine Intervirology 50 (5), 336-340 (2007) 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Xia (1999) Distribution of hepatitis B virus subtypes and genotypes in China Unpublished 5e-29   281 0 Gene fragment(s)
Xing (2011) HBVJSTZ1 Unpublished 1e-179   1 0 Unpublished
Xing (2011) HBVJSTZ2 Unpublished 1e-177   1 0 Unpublished
Xu L (2010) Occult HBV infection in anti-HBs-positive young adults after neonatal HB vaccination. Vaccine. 2010 Aug 2e-68 41 41 100 HBVDB
Xu (2008) Hepatitis B virus DNA complete genome from acute-on-chronic liver failure patients Unpublished 0   74 0 Unpublished
Xu (2008) Hepatitis B virus DNA complete genome from chronic liver inflammation patients Unpublished 0   239 0 Unpublished
Yamazaki (2006) HBV Unpublished 1e-103   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yamazaki (2007) Early upsurge in anti-HBs titer possibly caused by the immunomodulative, not by mutagenetic effect of interferon and ribavirin Unpublished 1e-173   1 0 Unpublished
Yan (2004) Relationship between reverse transcriptase gene mutations of hepatitis B virus and non-response to lamivudine therapy in chronic hepatitis B Unpublished 1e-127 6 6 100 HBVDB
Yan (2005) Use of ntPCR-RFLP assay to detect adefovir dipivoxil resistance-associated mutation in hepatitis B virus: rtN236T mutation Unpublished 5e-99 1 1 100 HBVDB
Yan (2006) Use of ntPCR-RFLP assay to detect adefovir dipivoxil resistance-associated mutation in Hepatitis B virus: rtA181V mutation Unpublished 1e-111 1 2 50 HBVDB
Yan (2000) First Chinese HBV strain: genotype D complete sequence report Unpublished 1e-178   1 0 Unpublished
Yang (2009) Hepatitis B surface antigen mutation Thr to Met at position 118 leads to antigenicity change and causes some blood screening kits failure Unpublished 1e-101   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yatsuji (2006) Emergence of novel lamivudine resistant mutant with no amino acid substitution in the YMDD motif Unpublished 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Yeh (2000) Emergence of new hepatitis B virus polymerase mutants which replace the original YMDD motif mutants as the cause of continuing chronic hepatitis during prolonged lamivudine treatment Unpublished 1e-69   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yeh (2001) Identification of a novel pre-S2 mutation in a subgroup of chronic carriers with spontaneous clearance of hepatitis B virus surface antigen Unpublished 1e-104   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yotsuyanagi (2002) Virologic analysis of non-B, non-C hepatocellular carcinoma in Japan: frequent involvement of hepatitis B virus J. Infect. Dis. 181 (6), 1920-1928 (2000) 1e-102   3 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yu (2009) Analysis of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen coding region in Guangzhou and profile of sequence variances Unpublished 1e-179   68 0 Gene fragment(s)
Yu (2010) Analysis of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen coding region in Guangzhou and profile of sequence variances Unpublished 1e-113   4 0 Unpublished
Yuan (2010) HBV genome isolated from Xian in China Unpublished 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Yuasa (2001) Properties of hepatitis B virus genome recovered from Vietnamese patients with fulminant hepatitis in comparison with those of acute hepatitis J. Med. Virol. 61 (1), 23-28 (2000) 1e-180 4 4 100 HBVDB
Zaaijer (2007) Long term mutation rate of hepatitis B virus surface gene Unpublished 1e-110   92 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zaaijer (2008) Multiple surface antigen mutations in five blood donors with occult hepatitis B virus infection J. Med. Virol. 80 (8), 1344-1349 (2008) 1e-173 2 7 29 HBVDB
Zaaijer (2010) Occult HBV genotype G infection in a Dutch blood donor Unpublished 0 1 1 100 HBVDB
Zafar (2001) Direct Submission Submitted (06-JUN-2001) Molecular Biology, Centre 1e-83   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zahn (2008) Molecular characterization of occult hepatitis B virus in genotype E-infected subjects J. Gen. Virol. 89 (PT 2), 409-418 (2008) 1e-180 10 10 100 HBVDB
Zehender (2008) Different evolutionary rates and epidemic growth of hepatitis B virus genotypes A and D Virology 380 (1), 84-90 (2008) 1e-159   56 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Zeldis (1995) Direct method for detecting small quantities of hepatitis B virus DNA in serum and plasma using the polymerase chain reaction J. Clin. Invest. 84 (5), 1503-1508 (1989) 2e-30   2 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zhang (2007) Use of ntPCR-RFLP assay to detect adefovir dipivoxil resistance-associated mutation in Hepatitis B virus rtA181V/T/S and rtN236T mutation Unpublished 6e-47 3 3 100 HBVDB
Zhang (2007) Selection and clearance of an entecavir-resistant strain in a lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B patient Unpublished 5e-46 1 1 100 HBVDB
Zhang (2005) Human hepatitis B virus X protein promotes cell proliferation and inhibits cell apoptosis through interacting with a serine protease Hepsin Arch. Virol. 150 (4), 721-741 (2005) 1e-180   1 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Zhang (2005) High replicative full-length lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus isolated during acute exacerbations J. Med. Virol. 77 (2), 203-208 (2005) 0 8 8 100 HBVDB
Zhang (2008) Direct Submission Submitted (17-FEB-2009) Department of Infectious D 0   344 0 Unpublished
Zhang (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (11-FEB-2009) Department of Infectious D 1e-179   10 0 Unpublished
Zhang (2007) Seroconversion to Anti-HBs Positive without Clearance of HBV Unpublished 0 45 55 82 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Zhang (2009) Establishment and mutation analysis of the reference sequences for HBV genotypes B and C that are prevalent in China Unpublished 1e-180   2 0 HBV Rx and/or other data NA
Zhang (2010) Direct Submission Submitted (26-MAY-2010) Department of Microbiology 3e-91   48 0 Unpublished
Zhao (2009) Simultaneous Genotyping and Quantification of Hepatitis B virus for Genotypes B and C by Real-Time PCR Assay Unpublished 2e-43   127 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zhiyong (2007) Mutations in preS genes of genotype C hepatitis B virus patients with chronic hepatitis B and hepatocellular carcinoma Unpublished 4e-16   1 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zhou (2010) Geographical and Ethnical Distribution of HBV C/D Recombinant on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Unpublished 1e-179 26 26 100 HBVDB
Zhou (2007) ppS coding region is popular in south China Unpublished 1e-157   16 0 Unpublished
Zhou (2007) Whole S gene, including ppS coding region Unpublished 1e-153   38 0 Unpublished
Zhou (2007) Construction of eukaryotic expression vector containing whole genomes of HBV Unpublished 1e-177 1 1 100 HBVDB
Zhou (2006) Research of relationship between HBV genotype and prognosis of patients infected with HBV Lin Chuang Gan Dan Bing Za Zhi 21, 324-326 (2005) 1e-126   2 0 Unpublished
Zh (2003) Structural and functional analysis of hepatitis B virus genomes in fulminant hepatitis B patients Unpublished 1e-175 1 1 100 HBVDB
Zoellner (2003) Natural variations between HBV genotypes A and D Unpublished 1e-18   33 0 Gene fragment(s)
Zoellner (2005) Minor strain of hepatitis B virus in an occult carrier Unpublished 3e-77   1 0 Unpublished

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